Info Lit

Information Skills Overview

1. Define the task

What do I want to find out?

2. Locate the information

Where can I find the information I need?

3. Select the information

What information do I really need?

4. Organise the information

How can I use this information?

5. Present the information

How can I present this information?

6. Assess process * self * knowledge

What did I learn?

Evaluating Information Sources

Information comes in different formats – print, electronic, and media. However, you can use similar criteria to evaluate

any source for quality and usefulness.

Format Book    ○ Periodical Article    ○ Software     ○ Audio Tape  ○ Film/Video
Publication Date Overall Rating: ○ Excellent  ○ Good  ○ Fair   ○ Poor
Criteria                              Consider These Key Questions

Can you trust the author? What are his/her credentials to write this particular work?


Is the author’s purpose and intended audience clearly stated? Does the work provide factual information, opinion, or propaganda? Does the author have a biased point of view or stereotype people?


Are the author’s facts correct? Are the opinions supported with data? Is there evidence of good research and documentation?



How completely and deeply does the work cover the topic? Does the work answer the question completely?


Is the date of publication given? Is the information current enough for your topic or task?


Does the source contain the information you need? Does it provide information that is relevant to your topic?




Does the format of the source present the information in an attractive and clear way? Are these special visual features to aid understanding and pleasure?

Research Success @ your libraryTM. Toronto District School Board, 2005.