IFolio 18: History is simply a collection of facts

Statement: Historian select what interests them in the past and write about it

Histories are not purely relied on intuitive thinking. By creating an objective piece of history, values and judgment must take into account. Dispassionate, disinterest, these two factors can affect the way we want and be willing to perceive the event. We might be able to completely block information that does not interest us because we believe it’s information and knowledge that is not needed for us. Therefore, we sub-consciously block and not wanting to let the other perspective or other knowledge come in.

Karl Marx would pick only the class struggle, Hegel would concentrate on the human spirit. Acton on freedom. Karl Marx (1818-1883) joined a movement known as the Young Hegelians, who strongly criticized the political and cultural. Since he joined the movement, most of his historian content will be based on his view and what he is really interested in. He will not care about being fair or not bias because it’s not something he personally wants to know. On the other hand, Hegel focuses on the philosophy side of history where he believes that human should not perceive anything directly. This shows that each historian has their own interest and field to explore. They don’t necessarily explore every single detail to remain non-bias. Their only reason for writing historian pieces is to write down the things in a written form to fulfill their interest towards their topic.

However, on the other hand, sometimes being interested in a certain time period (history) will also make the historian explore deeper into the different perspective and the truth about no matter what stance is taken. When people are interested in something, we tend to put more effort into doing and making it the best form as we can. Interested in a thing will also make someone be more motivated to do their job and willing to spend more time in doing it. Compared to the people who only write history and investigate it to reach their goal, people who really do enjoy the job and able to pay 100% of their time and effort are much respectable.

A young 23-year-old historian published a book on Nanjing Massacre. In his book, not only did he mentioned the basic information of it and information/shared knowledge that everyone knows or learned about. He also went deeper into context and look for the hidden truth of the Records of Military Operations and Atrocities of Japan’s Kumamoto Sixth Division during the Battle of Nanking. In order to figure out the past history of this secret Division, he made himself learned Japanese so that he can source it directly from Japanese textbook and understand their history of veterans during the war. This is only possible because of his pure interest in the topic. If he isn’t interested in the topic, he would not have willing to spend so much of his time learning Japanese and understanding what their textbook is saying. He would also not to risk his historian life to publish a book that is against the Japanese and the “truth behind”

Therefore, in conclusion, even if a historian is mainly only focusing on one thing and something that they are interested in, they will still put their full effort in accomplishing something what needs to know and what they want the world to know. Therefore, even if they wrote the history based on their interest which might create bias. However, if they are really interested in a topic, they will figure out everything about that piece of history.


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