Natural Science VS Human Science-Dare to Compare

Research Question: How does molten lava erupted from a volcano in Heimaey, Vestmannaeyjar, interact with the water systems in the neighboring homes and the nearby waters? Hypothesis: When magma comes into contact with sea water, or watering systems in Iceland, a phreatomagmatic eruption will occur. Where magma comes into contact with a large body of […]

Ethics and Maths

If Ethics and Maths both employ logical thinking and argumentation to produce knowledge, can claims in ethics be as well justified as those in Math? Discuss. I believe the main difference between the production of knowledge between these 2 areas of knowledge would be rationalism vs empiricism. Rationalism is the belief in innate ideas, reason, and […]

Applying Coherence and Correspondence in a TOK essay

The theory of coherence states that the truth of any proposition consists in its coherence with some specified set of propositions. While the theory of correspondence states that the truth or falsity of a statement is determined only by how it relates to the world and whether it accurately describes that world. The student could have used the […]

Proof in Mathematics and Natural Science

When Mathematicians and Scientists use the word ‘prove,’ do they mean the same thing (see last slide of presentation for readings)? In science, based off of empirical observations, scientists seek to understand some aspect of phenomena. Whereas in math, mathematicians use logic and reasoning to prove relationships between quantities and objects that may not even […]

What is the difference between a conjecture and a theorem? A conjecture is a conclusion or finalized opinion that is formed on the basis of incomplete information. Whereas a theorem is a general proposition that is established by the means of a chain of reasoning and accepted truths. In THE VIDEO  Eduardo Saenz de Cabezon […]

Truth in the Arts

Shorts essays read: Art and Truth + Art vs Science Art vs Science ‘However, the arts and the sciences are inextricably linked: science can sometimes explain the beauty of art, and art is often used to convey scientific “truths” to the common man.’ In the short essay titled, The Truth, the Whole Truth, and Nothing but […]

Intro the Arts

Chosen Claim: There is no real purpose for the arts   Art in some way shape or form has existed in our lives since the beginning of life. It is present in every culture, tradition, and country, providing us with a deeper understanding of not only our emotions and thoughts but the world around us.  […]

Competing Hypotheses in NS

How can scientists decide between competing hypotheses? Taking the Hershey-Chase Waring Blender experiment for example. At the time it was unclear whether amino or nucleic acids were the coding mechanism for heritable traits. Hershey and Chase tagged either the protein coat or the DNA of viruses and grew them in bacteria. The bacteria contained tagged […]

The distinction between science and pseudoscience

‘Pseudo’ = fake Below is a table that highlights the main differences between science and pseudoscience: Science Pseudoscience Their findings are expressed primarily through scientific journals that are peer-reviewed and maintain rigorous standards for honesty and accuracy. The literature is aimed at the general public. There is no review, no standards, no pre-publication verification, no […]