- In your own words, explain the difference between deductive and inductive logic.
Inductive logic is based off general rules that are created from observing something a limited number of times.
Deductive logic is taking a general rule and applying it to a statement to coming to a conclusion. In more formal language this means moving from a two or more premises to a conclusion .
- What are the problems with each of these kinds of logic and what we can do to overcome some of these problems?
Some of the problems with Inductive logic is that there is no way to prove it true. Typically, Inductive logic comes from our own observations, but this may be limited. What we observe may always be the same, but it might be different somewhere else which can falsify our logic. Inductive logic also assumes that the world is a predictable place, but things can change at any moment and therefore our inductive logic may not be true.
And if you have time ….
Rabindranath Tagore said that ‘A mind all logic is like a knife all blade – it cuts the hand that uses it’ … what do you think he meant by this?
Maybe he’s trying to say thinking too logically isn’t always the best. Sometimes we need to use emotion or reason in making decisions, and and this may not always be easy to decide logically.
What are the characteristics that you feel best describe language? Why?
I think communication is the most important characteristic of language. The main purpose of languages are to help communicate with others, so being able to express ideas or communicate thoughts is very important. I also think another important characteristic that describes language well is the ability for others to learn it. As humans, we have created language on our own but we aren’t born completely fluent in any language. As we grow up we develop the ability to express ourselves more articulately, and with that our ability to speak a certain language will grow. Finally, I think another important characteristic of language is that some words within it have abstract concepts. Some of the words in any language are hard to define and don’t have a definite meaning. Some words have different meaning to different people.
What might be some of the weaknesses of language?
As I mentioned, one possible weakness is the fact that language includes abstract words that can have different meanings to different people. If the whole purpose of language is for communication, then the same word having a different meaning would be somewhat ineffective. Another weakness is that not everyone is born fluent in a language, and there are so many currently in our world that people have difficulty communicating with one another if they don’t speak the same language. We rely so heavily on language for communication that if someone can’t speak the same language as us, it’s nearly impossible to express meaning or have a conversation with them.
Do you think that language changes the way you think and therefore perceive the world? Why and what are the implications of this idea?
I think that language definitely changes the way you think and perceive the world. From looking at the examples mentioned in class, we learned that language helps us to think. If we don’t have a word for something, it’s because it’s not necessary or we don’t think about it – it’s not important to us. Having a word establishes that this concept/object is important and therefore we should know what it is.
Different communities lack certain words because they just don’t need it.
Do you agree more strongly with perceptual realism or perceptual relativism?
Honestly, I agree with both, and I think that both are valid and important perspectives to consider. Both prove that we do not see the world objectively. In fact, I think that perceptual realism can be considered part of perceptual relativism, as it can serve as an explanation for why we will never be able to see the world objectively. The explanation being that our senses can mislead us, and since we really only know the world through our senses, we will always see the world through a “filter” that is not always reliable.
That being said, I think I would have to agree with perceptual realism more. I think that in general, our senses are reliable and helpful to us, even when they “mislead” us. Through watching the video and discussing it in class, there were many examples brought up of our senses “misleading” us. One such example was two brown coloured squares on a cube, where one side was under a shadow.
In the left image, our senses tell us that the shadowed square is a lighter shade than the unshadowed square, but of course, they are actually the same shade. Personally, I don’t think of this as being “mislead” by my brain, as actually my brain has taken into consideration that the shadowed square is under a shadow, and this made it adjust the shade. I think this is actually quite helpful because in real life, shadowed colours appear darker than they would under a bright light, so my brain doing this for me is actually quite helpful.
-Discuss what you particularly enjoyed about the retreat – and anything that you found challenging in a positive way;
–At least 4 paragraphs length (or equivalent video);
-Follows/engages with at least one of the Retreat themes (Challenge & Passion, Sublimation, Finding your Path.)
The I.B. Retreat would have been a really good experience for me, but unfortunately was sick the week of the retreat and had to go home soon after attending the crossroads simulation. Honestly, I felt the poverty simulation could have been more realistic. I liked the aspects of using newspaper and “flour glue” as that made is a close to the resources and materials that people living in these lifestyles had to use. However, I felt like throughout the simulation, I never felt fully immersed. Students were asked to give up their phones, shoes and watches to support our “simulation families”. While I understand that this was meant to recreate the sacrifices that people living in these situations have to make, I know that I was much more willing to give up my phone or watch knowing that by the end of the simulation I would get it back. The shopkeepers in the simulation also asked female students for hugs in return for money, as a “simulation” representative for prostitution. Again, I happily took up this offer to provide money for my simulation family, but I know that if this was real life I would be far more cautious and against prostitution unless absolutely necessary. I guess I also felt like the whole simulation was very repetitive in the sense that we spent so much of it making paper bags. I understand that people living in poverty can and do actually have lives where the majority of their waking hours are spent working, but I felt that maybe it wasn’t the most effective way to help me learn and understand new aspects about poverty if over half of my simulation was me doing the same thing. Perhaps I had too high expectations coming into this simulation as I had hoped for something more engaging or realistic. For example, a few years back students had completed a blind simulation where they were placed in pitch black rooms. I was hoping that I would be able to experience poverty on the same level that those students had experienced what it would be like to live as a blind individual. That being said, I acknowledge that simulating poverty accurately would be far more difficult than simulating blindness, and I also understand that it would be difficult to simulate poverty as realistically as possible. I wouldn’t expect crossroads to use violence on students or actually take away our phones and watches, nor do I have any solid suggestions for replacement, so I guess I really shouldn’t be complaining.
What I really enjoyed about crossroads was the discussion we had at the end. I found the talk very inspiring and really made me want to make a difference and help the world. I feel like as privileged students in a good school, we are educated about many of the worlds issues, but I still think many of us aren’t engaged enough to care. At least, care enough to do anything about these issues. I’m guilty of “ignoring” or forgetting about some of these important issues myself, and that is in part because many of us don’t encounter these issues in our normal day to day lives. It doesn’t affect us. But it’s important because other people are going through some very tough situations and it’s not fair for us to learn about it and not do anything. This is an important takeaway I had from my 3 hours of IB retreat.
I’m not entirely sure if I’ve written enough/ covered enough of the retreat themes? I did miss out on quite a bit though so there’s not too much I can say compared to my peers.
Explain the map metaphor
The map metaphor shows how only certain bits of knowledge is represented at certain times. Sometimes certain parts of knowledge are brought out or emphasised to make certain points or to fit to whoever the knowledge is for. Knowledge isn’t always consistent every time.
What is the difference between personal knowledge and shared knowledge?
Personal knowledge is what I know, and can cover my emotions, feelings or my own experiences. A lot of what I know can come from my own perspective. Certain events can give different knowledge to different people as they have each experienced the event from their own perspective.
Shared knowledge is more universal, and is what we as the human race/ general population know to be true. General consensus or well known facts about certain things can be shared knowledge. However, not all facts are shared knowledge, when someone discovers something new/ a new fact, until it is well known, it isn’t really shared knowledge.
Shared knowledge is also something groups of people can have in common, if they share an experience while some parts of the experience can be personal knowledge, some parts can be shared.
If you cannot explain something to someone else, you do not know it. Do you agree or disagree with this statement and why?
I disagree. I think there is a difference in understanding/knowing something and being able to communicate it to someone else. Sometimes people might not have sufficient vocabulary to express/explain whatever concept is being discussed. I know personally sometimes I can completely understand a certain concept, but occasionally lack the proper vocabulary to explain as clearly as I want to. Language barriers should also be considered. If an english speaker isn’t able to explain the concept of anything to a Chinese speaker, it doesn’t mean that they don’t know the concept, they just aren’t able to explain in a different language/ communicate the knowledge.
Similarly to grade 7, I participated in the Junior Student Ambassadors (JSA) as the vice president of this club. I think that this really helped me develop international-mindedness because I was interacting with peers who came from all over the world, and it was my responsibility to make them feel welcome, regardless of language barriers or cultural differences. This also challenged me because I was quite shy back then but I had to be friendly and a leader for my new classmates. I did develop some leadership skills through this, and I also made new friends and became more aware of cultural differences. Below is just a screenshot of my sending out email reminders for managing the club.
In grade 9, I read to kids and helped to teach them english.
This is a photo of me reading an english book to an underprivileged kid and helping them to learn english. I definitely learned a lot through these experiences. I typically do not know how to interact around kids, but this really helped me learn what strategies work to teach and become friends with young children. While I know that I still need to work on interacting with children, I am more confident knowing how to play with them and enjoy spending time with these kids. Some of the big things I learned is to smile a lot, ask them questions about themselves and play along with any games that they want to play. Working with kids is difficult, but extremely rewarding.
In grade 9, I also participated in cooking for a cause, where we work with christian action and cook a meal for refugees. However, grade 10 was when I really started actively participating. This year, I served as secretary for this club, where my role involved working with the president, vice president and other execs to plan, organise and come up with ideas. One idea that I contributed was to have a bake sale, but price everything at 15$, as this is the average price per meal that is spent on a refugee at christian action. I really enjoy doing this, not only because I love to cook, but I feel like we can see the progress as we serve the refugees ourselves. While our service doesn’t help refugees support themselves, I still think that we are helping refugees by providing them with food every other week.
To be honest, while I liked the idea of this assessment, it wasn’t really beneficial to me. There are various areas where I could have done better on this assignment, but also a few reasons why this assignment wasn’t very effective for me due to my regular schedule already.
I know that I missed some posts, and wasn’t always up to date with everything. I think the main reason for this was that I picked some goals that were quite difficult and “extreme” which I thought I could handle at first, but it ended up being too much. Getting up at 5am may not seem “extreme” but I did find that I would have to manage my
time extremely well the night before, and sometimes if I had a lot of homework I found it wasn’t possible. Additionally, since I was doing Cross Country, Dragon boating and running at least 25-ish kilometres most weeks during this time period, I never saw the need to get up at 5.
This was a goal that maybe
wasn’t the best for me, but if I did this assignment again, I’m not sure what I would pick. Before this assessment, I was very happy with my nutrition, fitness level and amount of sleep, as I was already running 4+ times a week, sleeping before 9 every school night and being quite health conscious of the food I was eating (I’ve been cooking my own lunch every day since the start of G10). This is why I found this assessment so difficult- I was very happy with my lifestyle at the time, and I felt it was a healthy lifestyle. While I know there is always improvement in anyone’s lifestyle, adding all these goals felt like too much and wasn’t sustainable for me.
Addressing the questionnaire below, I scored 76-100 every-time. As I explained above, my lifestyle before starting this assessment was already quite healthy, so it started at 76-100 to begin with. :)
Black room. Just had a dragon boating race today so I’m taking an early night to go to bed!