Kevin PE Healthy Habits


My aim for fitness will be too “Take part in physical activities 3 times a week” and to walk “7000 steps a day”


My aim for sleep will be to get 8-9 hours of sleep every ngiht


My aim for is to include at least 2 servings of green vegetables per day in your diet.


Welcome to your iFolio

Your iFolio is a school provided web space that you will use throughout your time at CDNIS. You will use your iFolio to define your learning goals, show your learning journey, reflect on your learning and how you have developed your Approaches to Learning skills, share your best work and celebrate your achievements.

Your iFolio, in time will provide a better picture of who you are as a learner and as an individual. You are therefore highly encouraged to personalize your iFolio. You can start off by selecting one of the 60+ themes available.

Before you start using your new iFolio, follow the steps below to change the ‘Home’ link within your navigation menu to point to your site:

1. Go to your Dashboard menu options (link will open in a new tab)

2. Expand the ‘Home’ menu item by clicking on the downward facing arrow

Home Menu

Change Home Menu Attribute

3. Append the URL to read, where your student number is in the form of six digits e.g. 012345 (you can find your student number on your library card)

Home URL

Home URL Link

A final note, please bear in mind that your iFolio is a publicly accessible space, and ensure that the content you post and the language you use is appropriate.

Feel free to delete this post from your Dashboard once you have finished reading it!

Featured image used in this post by Nathan via Flickr Creative Commons

Design Day Term 1

Today, we’ve had this year’s design day where we were meant to focus on what we’ve learnt so far in Science and the human body, more specifically the concepts of the human heart. During the course of today, we’ve spent most of our time understanding the assignment which we will investigate for the following  weeks and the skills and goals we wish to develop and achieve this term in design, as well as participating in an activity where we made a functional model of a human heart valve.

I had many key takeaways from todays activities. Firstly, I was able to thoroughly understand and digest the guidelines of this unit of developing ideas and ideation. Secondly, I was able to see how much more efficient people are when they are in a group through the heart labelling and valve construction. Whereas labelling and illustrating a heart would be time consuming and difficult, have a group to collaborate with would allow much more knowledge to be shared or contributed. For the valve construction, having everyone brainstorm possible effective designs allowed the planning/preparation duration to be faster. Even the building part was better and more efficient due to the extra pairs of hands.

I used to think that heart valves and heart elements were very simple and little, but now after both design and science knowledge I’ve understood how efficient and interconnected each system/area is e.g the heart valve allows the blood to go through one end while getting blocked from the other. This seems complicated, however functions with great simplicity.

The best elements that worked in my prototype was the combination of a ping pong ball, paperclip, tape, a toilet paper tube and a balloon where we cut and pulled the balloon so that it stretched through a toilet paper tube so there was an opening on both ends of tube where liquid can go through. After that, we made a small cage using 2 pulled-open paperclips to contain the ping pong so that if water is poured into the ping pong ball, it would block off water because the pressure applied onto the ball will allow it to obscure the gap on the first end of the tube. From the other end, the water would apply pressure again to the other side of the ball, pushing it over and allowing the water to flow out.

If I would remake this prototype, I would’ve thought of a simpler alternative to allow my time management to be more efficient, while consuming less materials

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Business Ethics

SOI: Statement of Inquiry: Students understand that businesses interact in a global environment and are held accountable (ethics) by society for their actions

During the course of my ethics unit in business, I’ve been able to really gain an understanding about the unit SOI and understand more about how businesses expand, function and become successful. By learning about the content of this unit, I have understood how businesses’s actions and decisions can really impact their reputation and success both in the market and socially. An example can be, to reduce labor cost and increase manufacturing efficiency, Nike has started using forced labour where they force migrant workers to work in their factories, confiscate their passports and force them to earn money and “buy back their passports”. We can also see that this lead to a large amount of controversy and made Nike a less reputable business.

What I’ve learnt has also really helped me understand the global context of this unit “Fairness and development” because I’ve seen the unfairness and problems created through unethical practises, and how they have severely affected businesses and their reputation and development. What I have learnt can connect with what I’ve learnt previously because this further enriches my understanding of business functions, parts of businesses and how to run a successful and ethical business.

Furthermore, throughout this unit I have also learned about different concepts revolving around the research questions of this unit: how does one determine if an action is ethical?, and to what extent do businesses behave ethically?. Over the course of this unit, I have also been able to find an answer resolving these questions. To determine whether or not an action is ethical or not, one must look at their own moral standards and understand what is right and wrong in their decisions. Even though some are debatable, many can clearly be identified as unethical such as worker abuse, forced labour and fraud. As for the second question, different companies and businesses have had different responses to this matter. Some businesses have ethical policies and standards and numerous other policies to make sure their companies have ethical standings and attract costumers and maintain a good reputation.

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Design Crit D Evaluation

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From this project, I have learnt a lot about using technology such as Illustrator and creating graphic novel sequences and attempt to illustrate a scenario which will be shown to a specified target audience. The use of visuals have a large impact on the message shown to an audience. Elements such as colour can influence the mood and atmosphere of characters and a setting, and different illustration styles can be used to illustrate the theme of your creations (e.g comical style to show a humorous and entertaining theme).
The visuals that I utilised within my graphic novel have been used to enhance the meanings I wished to present. With visuals, they back up dialogue and may even tell the audience a story themselves. Additionally, visuals also allow you to generate different perspectives and views for each individual character. This will allow readers to gain a better perspective and understanding of different scenarios, and these are all advantages of using visuals instead to a piece of text.
Lastly, if I were to do this task again, I would prioritise my work better and make better use of my time. I could’ve done this through completing more difficult pieces of work before doing the easier parts, or making an action plan to stick to.  This will ensure quality when completing the tasks because we can prioritise our schedules and make us more efficient. Additionally, I would also have spent more effort experimenting and practising my Illustrator skills because near the end, I had some trouble with working with Illustrator and this resulted in not having a fully polished final graphic novel sequence.

Chain of Production

The content that we have learnt for “Chain of Production” relates to our statement of inquiry understand that business operate within a system whose structure is influenced by external factors, as businesses all follow a system and are in some way interconnected. The chain of production works with the businesses in the primary sector involved in extracting raw materials,  and to be able to transport their materials to the secondary sector they will need the aid of the transportation services from the tertiary sector. In the secondary sector the products will be manufactured and the tertiary sector will once again help distribute and retail the products to consumers. A real life example of how structured the chain of production may be that if a sudden drought happens in a cornfield, the entire harvest and food retail chain will be harmed by the effects and therefore sales will decrease. The content in Chain of production also clearly relates to the global context of this unit about relationships and identities, as there is a clear link between each sector and they each do things to impact each other.

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Economics In Business

Over the last unit, me and my class have learned about basic business fundamentals, and this unit can clearly relate to the statement of inquiry about the structures of businesses. This is because external factors play a huge role on supply and demand curves in the market. This unit can also relate to the relevant global context. This is because all the buyers, sellers and suppliers can potentially cause great changes in the demand/supply curves in the market. We also went in dept about economic shocks and how many different factors can influence them such as taxations, consumer income and tastes and preferences. A project I did in class explored consumer income, and I listed an economic shock where demand for Apple (technology) products decreased due to the economic crisis in Greece. The less demand lead to a surplus, where the prices had to decrease in order to eliminate it and bring equilibrium to the market.

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Competition in Business

During this unit, I have learnt about the competition that businesses have in order to work towards a common objective, most commonly to become successful in the market . I have learnt about different competitors that are focused in the same industry, such as the technology industry, as well as indirect and direct competition. What I’ve learnt in this unit relates to the relevant inquiry question “Understand that entrepreneurs must innovate in order to remain competitive over time”, as we’ve seen how different companies work hard to be more successful in the long run (e.g Apple and Samsung). It also relates to the SOI “Understand that businesses operate within a system whose structure is influenced by (causality) external factors” because we can see that many factors affect a business’s competition and successes such as customer income, tastes and preferences as well as many more. This enriches my older views about competition because before learning about the content in this unit, I simply thought that innovation was the key changer in business competition. The content that we learnt about business competition can be associated with the idea of chain of production, as different businesses from different sectors and areas may both directly and indirectly compete with each other in the industry. Screen Shot 2015-11-08 at 10.08.29 am

Design Day Reflection

We just had another design day earlier this week, and it was quite an interesting experience again. Our new project this design term is to create a digital graphic novel panel sequence. This project requires us to gain new skills such as learning to use Adobe Illustrator. During our design day, we worked on a large portion of our criterion A study and we’ve been able to get a decent understanding of our task and the design specifications.

We were firstly presented with a task to reword our design challenge and understand what is being asked for. Criterion A is also all about understanding the background of the task and organising what we do for the future. In the context of our design project, we are to create a panel sequence that expresses complex themes as well as ideas/events that occur that are difficult to be expressed through a normal novel. Later on, we also worked to list what we know, what we learnt (during design day) as well as what I want to learn into a mind map.

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We were also provided a demonstration of how to organise and use Adobe Illustrator, which will be used for our graphic novel artwork. I’ve completed a few practises, although I still need some time in order to become comfortable with the new technology and project.

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Types of Organisations

At the end part of our unit, I have learnt about the different types of organisations and companies that businesses include. These include Private limited companies, Public limited companies, sole traders and partnerships. These types of businesses are very important and are tied to our SOI because each business has their own unique areas that can help the entrepreneur become successful. An example is that Public limited companies have limited liability and can sell stocks to anyone on the market, while private limited companies can’t. Partnerships can have multiple owners (below 20) which brings more skills to the company.

This relates to our global context (orientation in space and time) because different forms of organisations for businesses can affect the outcome of the business and its future success. For example, sole traders are usually small companies that are easy to set up, whereas public limited companies have more complications, workers and policies that they need to follow. The unit also helped me understand and answer the inquiry question about how entrepreneurs respond to the needs and wants of society, as we can see that business forms can develop and change in response to their development and how well they are fulfilling the needs and wants of their consumers. The other inquiry question about optimal forms of business can be answered as well, as through the content of this unit I’ve learnt that each type of organisation has their own benefits and disadvantages that can impact how successful an entrepreneur wants to become.

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Industry Associations

What we’ve learnt about industry associations relates to our statement of inquiry (Understand that entrepreneurs must innovate in order to remain competitive over time) because trade associations can help groups of businesses in the same line of products to remain competitive against other different businesses. By doing so, they can educate these businesses, learn from different perspectives and also influence government or law that limits the businesses and their potentials. 

This relates to the global context (orientation in space and time) because it can it can show how different groups of the same business adapt to changing opportunities by being a collective group to influence and make changes. Changes happen over time, such as laws and policies and being part of a collective group will make it easier to keep track of these changes and work towards success.

What I’ve learnt answers the inquiry question of competitors working together. This is because when different companies of the same business or product collaborate as an organisation, they can work towards a common goal and gaining better achievements that benefit everyone. We looked at an example where an industry made a advertisement for milk, yet no brands were involved. This shows how this was to promote the use of milk to bring benefits for all of the businesses that produce milk.


Innovation vs Invention

During this unit we focused a lot on the differences and uniqueness of innovation and invention, which helps justify and let us understand our SOI (Understand that entrepreneurs must innovate in order to remain competitive over time). I’ve learnt that innovation is when an entrepreneur uses an existing process, idea or product and change it so that it fulfils needs and wants, while at the same time adding value to the market.

Innovation and invention fits in the global context (orientation in space and time) because it shows how changing times can provide entrepreneurs opportunities for innovation and success. An example of this in real life is StarBucks. Coffee stores have existed for a very long time and there aren’t a lot of unique traits for each of them, though StarBucks counts as an innovation as it uses the idea of a coffee shop and implements entertainment and engagement with consumers such as wifi to make it a place for people to meet up and have fun as well.

In response to my inquiry question (about what drives innovation), I’ve found many different other motives for it. Competitive pressures from rival companies selling the same products may influence innovation. An example having Samsung releasing new galaxy note tablets while Apple releases their new iPads. Other factors that effect innovation include government interferences (such as tax and subsidies), hobbies, company cultures and changes in law. This topic added onto what I’ve learnt about innovation, as now I understand factors that lead to and distinguish innovations (e.g adding value on the market).

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Statement of Inquiry: Understand that entrepreneurs must innovate in order to remain competitive over time (change)

1. How does what I have learned help me to understand the relevant SOI?

Many of the knowledge I’ve gained during this unit has helped me understand more about our SOI. I’ve seen that entrepreneurs need to innovate and come up with unique and varied ideas to remain competitive and successful in the long run. In class, we also looked at many case studies that helped support this. For example, we looked at a case study where a workout business wasn’t being quite successful, but the owners took potential risks to rent out a theatre for fitness showdowns, which attracted many more consumers.

2. How does what I have learned fit within the relevant global context?

What I have learnt fits in the global context “orientation in time and space” as we’ve seen how making certain decisions for a business during different times can have severe impacts on the future and successes of a business. Using the same case study as listed above, the workout business became quite successful int he end as it was one of the most prominent and earliest fitness businesses in Canada. This also shows that to time and space can provide opportunities for entrepreneurs to become more successful.

3. How does what I have learned help me to answer the relevant inquiry

The things I’ve learnt have helped me answer the relevant inquiry questions. I’ve understood that opportunities for entrepreneurs arise when certain products can be improved on, while at the same time making it more accessible and fair-priced. In another case study, an android phone that simply had better quality and pricing than its predecessors became an immediate success, because more people had access to it and it was generally better. For the different inquiry question about entrepreneurial traits, I would say that most entrepreneurs that are successful share common traits such as perseverance, tolerance for ambiguity and creativity (which eventually leads to innovation).

4. How does what I have learned connect with what I have learned previously to
enrich my understanding of the SOI? 

During these few lessons, I’ve seen more about real life case studies of examples of innovations and how entrepreneurs plan their decisions. By doing so, I’ve been able to further understand the motivations and how entrepreneurs become successful. A real life example may be Michael Dell, the owner of the DELL company. He has many different entrepreneurial aptitudes and motivations that helped him become successful.


How To Start A Business

In class, we learnt about how businesses run and function through researching into certain companies and learning their development throughout time and more about their backgrounds. These elements all tie into the relevant SOI and they helped us learn more about how entrepreneurs start their businesses. The specific business I looked into was IKEA, which was started by Ingvar Kamprad.  We looked into many of the challenges faced and major steps. To start a business, there are many steps that you must take. First, you need to make sure what it is that you are selling. After that, you will need to gain a sum of money to financially power your company and get it started. After that, designers will be hired to design your logo, shops and products. After that, you will need a workforce and a business license and then your business can be started! Throughout the process we also learnt something connecting to the SOI, which is that many companies have had challenges in expansion, keeping up their supplies and advertising. This is usually resulted in innovation and creativity. An example in IKEA is that, to advertise their company and create a larger reputation they created catalogues and showrooms so that people can examine their products before purchasing. This also helped them gain credibility and be unique amongst other companies.

Needs And Wants

During business, we also covered people’s needs and wants and the obvious distinction between them. Sometimes people believe that some wants should be needs, but needs are specifically what is needed to survive while wants are used to enhance someone’s living. The wants of different people usually vary, depending on their experience and statuses in the world. For example, a worker in Syria will probably have different wants from the average American because they will most likely have different living conditions and lower expectations that focus on supporting their lives. In other words, our wants can be infinite. The needs are generally the same for everyone (e.g water, heat, shelter) since we all are human beings and we all need the same things to survive, but for some of us, we may thing that electronic devices and internet are definitely required for our lives, but that is because we have different perspectives on our lives. The topic of “Needs and Wants” ties into our SOI because it helps show that different people of different cultures and populations have different perspectives on their needs of wants, and that many businesses are taking advantages of that and selling to us.

What Is Business?

During the course of the year, I’ve developed better understanding of business and its elements. Business allows individuals or groups of people to do what they pursue and achieve things. Businesses are also usually connected to large organisations, companies and firms. All businesses also aim to gain more profit after selling to their audience. To have a good business, you need to clearly state your products and you will also need to have a business plan to support your self, especially if you’re an entrepreneur. Business includes selling services and goods to customers for the chance of changing and innovating the world. In the current society, businesses all have competition, because there are many firms and companies that are selling objects to the same audience or customers. Connecting to our SOI, the only way to stay in lead of other rivals is to remain innovative and create unique products to attract others. For example, Samsung and Apple are rivals in the technology business, but Apple is always hoping to innovate and beat Samsung by creating their own products (such as the iWatch). Business also have to adapt the changes our society are enduring, for example some things may not be used anymore or less popular (for examples cell phones etc.)

Drama Round-Off (Presentation)

What did you learn about yourself?
What did you learn about theatre? New drama techniques? Ways of performing?
What did you learn about how to be a better performer?
What are your big takeaways from Grade 8 Drama and how will it help you in the future?

During the course of the year, I’ve learnt many different skills and techniques that can benefit my educational career. I found that especially in this year, I became a lot more engaged in drama in overall and I interacted more with different elements in both performing and reflecting. I am also now more knowledgeable about drama as we have learnt a lot about theatre and types of drama : Naturalistic and Abstract, and their differences and effectiveness. We were introduced to the 4 p’s which are Pitch, pace, pause and power. These make performances effective and expressive. Also, we learnt more about stage directions and placements to help us make planning more clear and our acts more organised.

I also gained better understanding about the different drama techniques, such as cross-cutting and soundscapes. These techniques are very important and can be applied to performances to make them have more emotional appeal and to present a better message to the audience. Also, Ms. Albourne has encouraged me to be more confident and really show myself out. This has allowed me to be more expressive when acting and it has had a large impact on myself as a performer. This year’s takeaway includes stage conventions, which surely will be benefitting my drama skills and my understandings about drama. Since I’m doing drama next year, I surely have to understand these in order to have a better head-start in grade 9. Also, during this course I learnt how to play different roles, ranging from a hero to a damsel in distress. I probably will act as different roles as well next year and this drama course has really allowed me to act through other people’s perspectives.

Net Court Games Criterion D Reflection

Our Net Courts Games PE Unit is finally over. During this time, we mainly focused on two types of net court sports: volleyball and badminton. During our games and practices, we explored many different tactics and strategies that can be used to have an advantage in a game. During our badminton games, I found out that you have to use different plays that can’t be easily anticipated to be the most successful. We also learnt to play the shuttlecock at different places of the net to make your opponent move, such as clearing it to the back or letting it drop down by the net. I find these tactics the most effective during my games.

During my volleyball games, we looked at a type of game where we needed to set and catch the ball in either two or three touches. This allowed use to work as a team and create opportunities for different members of our team. It also allowed us to change our attack strategies to make them less predictable, allowing us to become more successful in getting a point. We also explored how we should position, and I found that having a player at the front and two at the back was the best, because that way the person at the front can cover all of the front and if the ball is thrown far back, the two at the back can both get it. This will reduce the confusion because I found out that if there are two people at the front and the ball is thrown close to the net, there may be some confusion on who should get the ball and result in a lost point.

During my performance in class, I think I did pretty well in communicating with my team and using specific strategies like using attacking after different numbers of touches to outsmart the other team and applying the techniques I’ve learnt in class by making wise choices between digs and sets.

Design Approaches To Learning

After this Design Day session with all the teachers, I feel like I have a decent understanding and idea about the project. I think I did fine in my approaches to learning as I asked Mr.Larson a few questions regarding the design unit and some techniques we need to know. I also think I did well in collaborating with my group, as I didn’t have many objections and I also gave some of my own ideas for the fruit packaging activity. But for my time management, I think I did satisfactory because although I stayed on task, I was carried away some time with communicating with other people and may have not been as productive. For my SketchUp skills, I think that I can still improve a bit as I had some difficulty locating some specific items. I think I can improve on this by asking experienced friends and maybe even some other teachers.

Waste Not, Want Not 2

During the time I was given to create a SketchUp model of my container, I experimented with some of the elements that I was introduced to. I used different shapes and made them 3d and see how the effect was. In the end, I came up with a decent model of my “Bag-nana” and I used some simple shapes (cuboids) to make it look similar to my container in real life. I also made transparent slits to allow the “consumers” to get a “preview” of  the product.

From this session, I learnt a lot about SketchUp that I could use during this design process and even maybe for future school projects. I learnt that this was a very convenient software that could allow you to easily make 3D designs and shapes and it has special unique features that can help a lot in design projects.


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Waste Not, Want Not

The package for my banana was a “Bag-Nana”. It was basically a purse for my banana. It was a casing that had a flap to keep the banana in the bag, while a hole at the top allowed the banana to breath so it didn’t rot. I think this was a pretty decent tactic to hold and keep a banana safe, as it protected it, looked visually appealing and was efficient and easy to carry. It was also light enough, as it was made of paper and was more or less the weight of the banana itself
Durable – It was made with paper, but we used a lot of tape to secure it.

I might add some paper stuffings or cotton to cushion the banana in the pack and let it be more stable and safe. But in overall, I think that my “Bag-nana” is a convenient and effective container.


16 Bar Chords Composition

FI included many different choices and elements in my 16 bar composition summative. I created my piece in the key signature of G major (with one sharp, F) and I used the electric guitar as my melody instrument and a piano as the backing, which has 2 different clefs. I chose the piano because it contrasts well with string instruments and has good texture in its sound.

Here are some of my choices and why I’ve included them:

I chose the 3/4 time because I thought that it suited the basic melody and rhythm that I planned. I also chose G major because I used F a lot in my Electric guitar melody and I thought that it would also sound more major and appealing like so. I also did it to try different chords instead of the ones in C major which has no sharps of flats.

In the actual piece of music, I started pretty quickly with the eighth notes in measure two to set the melody as the entire song is pretty fast-paced. I added the repeating backing for the piano to make the melody revolve and focus around on the electric guitar. The backing was also well paced and made the piece sound comfortable even though it seems quit monotonous. I also made the dynamics mp so that the song started out steadily, and I added the crescendos and decrescendos to the accompany the ascending and descending eighth notes to add emphasis to the beat. In this part, I tried to create a catchy and well paced rhythm while making the notes all close to each other.

I really liked what I did in the following measures with the fast sixteenth-note trills (on string instruments). It sounded very interesting and it also added some sudden change in the rhythm. I also added the slurs to make the notes seem less articulated and more appealing. Near the end, I used the staccato accents on the notes to help make enhance the rhythm and I changed dynamics to forte to let the last few notes end stronger (with the decrescendo at the end). I concluded the end of my song with dotted quarter notes and sixteenth notes in the backing to contrast each other and a long, dotted half note to clearly indicate that the song has been concluded. My chords were all positioned so they sounded well and supported the melody line. I also included some harmony

If I were to change my song, I would probably change my overall song theme to make it to sound more major. I would also probably make the octaves in my Electric guitar melody line lower and add more sharps/flats (accidentals). But overall, I find my current piece quite interesting and I put a lot of effort into it. To be honest, I also think that my song would’ve been actually more appealing if I didn’t include the chords.


Music Playing Test Criterion D – Reflection

Yesterday, we had a music test with our instruments. We were instructed to play both the scales we’ve learnt in class and the song “Simple Gifts”. We were each called into Mr.Dachos room to perform individually. In overall, I think I played very well and I had decent intonation.

So far this year, I think I’ve learnt some more information and tricks about theory. I understood more about notes in both clefs and some musical vocabulary and their representations (DC Alfin, Double bar lines etc.) and tips and trips in discovering major scales and their sharps/flats. I’ve also understood more about the fingerings and intonation of my bass guitar. In order for me to improve as a musician, I’ve taken up theory lessons to understand more about music and to be able to continue my ABRSM exams (I play violin as well).

One musician who has influenced me is a fellow student in my grade named Jesse. He is extremely talented, both at music and learning. He is also one of the top students in my grade, if not the best. I aim to be like him by interacting with him. By doing so I can be able to catch on to more advanced theory/musical knowledge.

Design Day Ifolio Post

  • When you were younger, what series of Science books did you enjoy most and why?
  • Usually fictional science books that involved adventure and some action which aren’t really related to the real and current world and more of a sci-fi category
  • What features do these books have compared to adult focused books? Give examples. In what way do they aid understanding?
  • These books are less connected with our current daily lives and more inside a imaginary world where there aren’t many morals or lessons to be learned
  • What are some features that make the book interesting to you?
  • The writer’s creativity and how they explain certain unusual situations and settings.
  • Was the author able to use text to take a complex ideas and explain in a simplified way? If so, what techniques did the author use?  If not, how would you improve it?
  • Yes, the author used a lot of explanations and description of the context to make me more familiar with the main idea and concept

End Of Percentage Unit

Why doesn't a 20% discount followed by a 20% markup get you back to your original price:
Because after the discount, you are marking up from a different and smaller price. Since you are increasing a smaller initial price, your new price will thus be less than the original.

How do companies make a profit?:

Companies make profit by increasing their wholesale price of the products they buy from suppliers  by adding a markup percentage. If a company sells their product for its wholesale price, they will get a revenue but no profit, but if you mark up  and increase your price, you can earn money on top of your wholesale price. Therefore, you can also obtain a larger revenue.

Is it possible for everyone to win in the market place?:

It is possible for everyone to make a profit, it just depends on the retailer's decisions or the value of the product to determine who will make the most money. There can also be people that do well, and people with the same economic status or region that do much more poorly

PE Parkour Reflection-2014

It’s finally been the start the of a new school year! Now let me get started by writting this evaluation of my parkour performance during the past unit (the first one).

During my assessment, I utilized many different skills I’ve obtained during class. I applied all of my understandings of the five key points: force, flow, level, space and time and did my best to use them in my performance. I used all of them in some certain parts of my composition, for example when I was supposed to perform a wall run on the ramp I developed force and speed to make the run more successful and appealing. I personally think that my plan was very explicit and advanced. After following my plan when performing, I think I did well on keeping my routine continuous, controlled and well organized most of the time when I did my routine.


My routine was mostly flowing and it involved some complex movements such as the rock wall jump and the ramp run. What I think I did well was that for my first part in the crisscrossing beams, since I went both under and over the area. In the first place, I was planning to just vault over one beam and make my way through the end, but in the end I decided to use my space more wisely and go both over and under the beams. In overall, I think I did just as planned, except I might have done different vaults and I made an error when I accidentally kicked over a semicircle block while jumping over it.


At the moment, I can’t really think of many improvements because parkour is a broad topic and a large variety of movements can be used. Although, I think I could have maintained my speed a bit more steadily because (I’m not that sure) but I think I may have slowed down near the very end right before I did the wall jump to conclude the composition. If I was to do this routine again, I would probably have added one or two rolls or gymnastic movements to make some gaps in my performance so that my movements can be more connected. Other than that, I don’t think I have anything to add to. In overall, I think I did well on my routine.

French Last Term Reflection

During this last term in French with Madame Nobert, I learned a good supply of French relating to clothing, shopping and eating foods. We also had a fun year with each other because Mrs. Nobert allowed us to learn many new skills that can benefit our overall understanding of French cultures and vocabulary. What made our year even more pleasant was that we also played many games that allowed us to interact and socialise to practice our French. I think I improved a lot in my French speaking and vocabulary and I thoroughly enjoyed this year.

Science Kinetic Molecular Theory Trial

The day that we determine whether a point of the 8 points of KMT are false is finally over. We had a semi-official summative task with our class, one side defending the 8 points of KMT and the other prosecuting it. Comprising of the trial was the head lawmaker (our teacher), along with 3 lawyers for each side, 2 juries for each side, a bailiff and the rest of us as expert witnesses.

  Do you agree with the jury’s verdict? Why or why not? Include at least 5 facts from evidence that was presented during the trial.

I more or less agree with the jury’s verdict for the defence team to win. I think that both sides performed decent experiments to prove their cause, although some were clearer than others. Although, I would count it as a tie.

1) Jason and Russell’s experiment wasn’t much of an investigation. It also didn’t prove much of KMT as they didn’t explain the changes and the properties of the matter in their experiment. They also used unclear information when they tried to prove marbles were solid by poking them even though there were spaces between them. Some other groups in defence lacked reliable recorded evidence of their experiment.

2) Kevin and Andrew’s experiment only proved 1 part of KMT correct because of their edits, although this last piece of evidence proved the point 6 false as according to KMT, the water took a long time to boil and only the skin of the water emitted gas.

3) Pei Yu’s experiment determined a possible theory of Oobleck and how it changes state depending on the amount of pressure on it. If this is correct, it may be able to prove the evidence of some prosecution team groups incorrect of Oobleck and how it’s phase change proves KMT incorrect

4) Many people say that Kareen and Miyuki’s investigation of salt melting ice is unreliable because they kept the heat and cold air convecting as the freezer door was open, although because they kept the freezer going for a while with a closed freezer door the temperature of the ice would be kept at colder than room temperature, so the ice cube wouldn’t melt within the heat while being exposed with the door open.

5) Lastly, one or two groups from both sides were unable to prove parts of their presentations, and many just answered “common sense” which isn’t a reliable reason. Some people also didn’t justify if there were particles in a certain matter, for example one group could not exactly prove there were particles inside a balloon after putting it in water.


What was your job? Explain how you fulfilled your responsibilities.

I fulfilled my responsibilities as a jury by being mostly unbiased and being reasonable by communicating with my other fellow juries to find equal and right decisions to rate the legitimacy of a presentation. As a presenter, I spoke my assigned dialogue quite clearly. My investigation was about how when you boil water at 100C it boils faster than that of 200C. This is a natural reaction of the water, which proves it as a straight forward and structured evidence that proves both points 6 and 8 of KMT inaccurate.

Science Classification Quiz Reflection

Recently, I completed a science quiz that was based on taxonomy and classification and I achieved a score of 4/6. I definitely think I could’ve done better and gotten a 5. What I found easy in this quiz was the 3rd part, where we had to name some basic background information of a kingdom. I found this easy because it was just reciting something we memorised.

What I found hard about this was the 1st question was that I didn’t exactly focus on how scientists classify. I could definitely practice in dept more for the future tests, especially science to achieve higher marks.

Digital Work Example #1

Throughout this year, we each created a variety of digital work using technology and software that the school provided to us. My most favorite piece of digital work was a book cover I designed with the C.R.A.P elements contrast, repetition, allignment and proximity. I also included many artwork and images cited from Creative Commons that were related and provided a hint about the story’s context. I really like the use of colour, tinting and organisation of my book cover and it is why I selected it as my most well-created and favorite design assignment.

CAS Week- Chiang Mai Community and Service Adventure

The CAS trip to rural Chiang Rai in Thailand was an educating and memorable one. We tried out many challenging and entertaining activities both out door and in door, while at the same time bonding with fellow students and friends. What I found most important of this trip is how it benefitted others and helped the less-developed schools for the community and service part of this school.


In Thailand, I received many new experiences and privileges that I’ve never had before. These included cooking delicious and mouth-watering Thai cuisine and making fires and bamboo sheds in jungle survival, while we also performed rigorous and tiresome activities such as hours of kayaking and a confidence course made with obstacles above a makeshift pond. Other activities we’ve done were tightrope walking over an airborne obstacle course, a brisk hike up a hill, archery, visiting a rural village and a variety of midnight games.


But the most crucial and important part of CAS was helping the children in Thailand. Many children in Thailand are poor, especially in the rural and isolated villages. Together, with my fellow students, we mixed cement for people who lived in the village and were uneducated. It was hard work, but I was very happy to help those in need. We also spent a few hours playing with the kids of a local school by playing tag and soccer with them. They all seemed to have a lot of fun and many younger children were lining up to get piggy-backed by me! Once again, I had a ton of fun and I’m sure my friends and my roommates did too.


Criterion A: Algebra Assessment

Overall, I think did satisfactory during my latest math test, which was on algebra. Luckily, I’ve learnt algebra before and I had quite a lot of prior knowledge based on my learnings. I achieved a 7/8 for the criterion and I got most of the questions correct. Although, I’ve also been careless as I’ve missed one variable when I was calculating an expression. The rest of my mistakes were miscalculations and for one problem, miscommunication since I didn’t understand one of the questions. My biggest mistake was on the last question, which I got wrong as I forgot to use the pythagorean theorem during my calculations. I did well on the basic and logical algebra problems, and next time I could perhaps look over my math booklet more often to make myself more prepared for the future tests that I am going to take.

Design Documentaries: The Khalsa Diwan Sikh Temple!


Group Documentary Reflection

After going through the design specifications, I found out that our documentary fitted all of them except that we didn’t exactly include a picture of how our destination was like in the old days when it was just being built.  Although, we included a documentary of good quality and it also informed our audience about the significance of our site. We followed an interesting presentation style by following a tour quest where we went back in time to show the development of our site. While we were preparing for our presentations, we utilized many online sources and jotted them down on an organiser (Link). If I had to improve my movie, I would use an extended microphone to make our voices more clear and louder.

Personal Reflection:

During this task, I personally think I did well as I’ve contributed to some ideas that my group made up to help our documentary be better. Based on the feedback of my peers, I did well in managing my items (I came up with using a microphone in the beginning). Although, I definitely could of appeared more in the documentary as I didn’t really get shown during our presentations, although I did a brief voiceover. I could’ve done this by maybe stepping into one of my recordings of the Sikh community at work and explained about the services they provide, such as free food when I was filming the kitchen.

English Short Story

The Lesson Of A Lifetime Kevin

Moral: Lessons are not given, they are taken.

Farmer Del sat down onto his shed with his head in his hands. As usual, he was thinking about his life and his living conditions. The cunning and organized farmer lived in a peaceful and calm plantation in the South of Ireland. He was single and lived in a compact shed that had barely enough room for him. He was a happy man with a wife until they started a bitter fight about their future and their wealth, which led to a divorce. People who came by to look at the crops next to his shed consistently misunderstood it as a dump, which embarrassed him greatly. For generations, his family had been farmers, harvesting wheat and corn and others. The shed only had a small bed stained with dirt and barley husks that smelled like wet mud. His salvaged sofa, which he picked up from a scrap yard, had a large hole on the seat that had cotton bursting. It made an ear-piercing screech every time one sat on it. Because he couldn’t afford expensive food, he ate  oatmeal porridge every morning. He was lucky to own a heater, so during winter he did not freeze.

Farmer Del’s past life was tragic. He had a decent amount money and his wife was still with him at that time. But one day, a fellow businessman he met at school advised him to bet in the casino. The farmer was quite stubborn and spent all his money on chips, but sadly lost all them. In the blink of an eye, he went bankrupt. This led to his divorcement and caused him to live in his pathetic home.

Every morning, he would go out to the fields and work in his fields. Then, at midday, he would come home, ravenous. He would eat and continue working until dark. After that, he would wash his face, read the free news papers supplied by the representative of the town. Then he would fall straight into bed and sleep. The next day, he would repeat the routine. Only on Sundays, he would go to the market and sell all his vegetables to the grocers there and collect his pay. His dream was to live a decent life.  Now, he wanted money. He wanted to be rich. He ignored the greed that gradually overwhelmed him and he silently kept his thoughts to himself.

On a certain Sunday of a week, the farmer went to the market in the center of the town. He got on his large run-down tractor and loaded his stock of food. The tractor was quite worn out, but it was one of the farmer’s most important and expensive possessions as he owned for more than a decade. The trip to the market usually took half a day. The lonely farmer usually spent his time there pondering over th how he would manage his life in the future. When he got to the market, he heaved his load of stock into the market stalls and sold them to Mr.Ben, a local shopkeeper.

He was busy unloading the stock when he saw a newspaper stand. He took a copy and read over the fresh news papers. The man at the stand yelled: “Newspapers for sale! Celebrity moves into Yarksville”. The bold letters on the front page said “Retired Celebrity Pop Singer John Tuff Moves to Yarksville”. Yarksville, the farmer thought. That was near where he lived. Because of the peacefulness of the plantations, that was an ideal area for retirement and there was a reserved area there for rich residents. He took the newspaper copy home along with his earnings and left on the long trip back to his shed.

Life went on and Farmer Del continued to work day and night to support his living. But during this winter, the old heater he had broke down. Because of this tragedy, he had to continue life that month by freezing until his limbs were rigid.

“How much worse can life be?”  He thought to himself. “How can I go on like this? Life will be impossible”.

But one winter day, the celebrity John Tuff came across by himself to look at the crops. Farmer Del noticed him and came over to him. “How may I help you sir?”, he exclaimed patiently. Mr.Tuff eyed him for a while and replied, “I have overseen your production of greens. I would be glad to offer you a job as my main supplier. Every week, you may come to my house to deliver your finest greens. I will pay you twice of money you earn from the market stalls”.

Farmer Del knew that only a fool wood reject such a fabulous deal. Immediately, he started working for Mr.Tuff. Once again, the sunny morning on Sunday, he walked to Mr.Tuff’s garage to give him his supply of vegetables. ”I am very grateful to be working for you, dear sir. I am sure I will supply you with the best vegetables I have”. John Tuff replied: “Please carry your stock and put them into my closet” as he pointed towards a corner in the room. The farmer promised Mr.Tuff, as he surveyed Mr.Tuff’s vast garage. It was five times the size of his home and there were a couple old automobiles in a line. The place was also littered with iron models of famous buildings of the world. A glass chandelier shone radiant beams of light everywhere and the farmer was very envious of John Tuff’s household.

Farmer Del opened the closet and spotted a drawer on the side. While, he was lifting the vegetables in, he opened the drawer and peeked inside. Inside the drawer were rolls of Irish pounds bundled up together. The farmer estimated about 1000 pounds, which was enough to help improve his life and possibly expand his shed and allow him to buy more household items.

“Are you finished yet?” a voice called to him, startling the farmer

“Why yes sir, I should be leaving now” Farmer Del replied, nervously picking up his crates. He immediately set off home

. On the way back, he gazed towards the sea horizon. It was a vibrant mixture of orange and red, as it was the afternoon. He thought about his encounter with the cash in the closet. He was wondering about how life would be with it. How his dream of having his life improved can be fulfilled. Then, he thought about his early betting years and how he lost all his money. He might as well take his chances and try to take the money. If he succeeded, he would be richer. If he didn’t he would probably face criminal charges if he got caught. He was old and he decided that going to prison was a young man’s game. All of this made his head hurt, so all he did was go home and take a nap. “I have a week to think about what I should do. That should be enough time.” The confident farmer thought to himself.

The one week passed quickly and the farmer got ready to haul in his cargo again for Mr.Tuff. Despite this, he still didn’t know if he should touch the 10000 pounds. He decided the risks were too high.

”You sure are early today, my friend!” John Tuff welcomed him brightly.

“Of course sir, I have to make sure that what you receive is of the best quality.” He walked over to the closet where he loaded his vegetables

He peeked at the money nervously.He thought about what he should do. Taking the money was a very large risk. His life would also be affected greatly if he landed in jail. Once again, he was the young man who bet in the casino years ago. The man who always lost. And yet, he was taking a bet right now and the outcome was already decided.

 His hands shivered as he picked up the thick roll of banknotes. He had large trousers in his pants that were especially made for farmers so they can be able to stuff packets of seeds in them. But unbeknownst to him, the pockets had holes the size of apples in them. He was wandering out the room when John Tuff came in. Farmer Del stopped abruptly, causing notes to fall out one by one. John Tuff was very surprised.


“You didn’t just…”


The farmer knew what was in stock for him. He tried to leave the room and run off, but Tuff’s driver held him back. In a few minutes a police car drove off and escorted him to the Police station. He couldn’t believe what he just did. He was kept in a cell for a whole night. The next day, a young, kind warden supervising him started chatting with him.

“Hey matie, what’cha do te get yerself land in here?” He asked curiously.

The farmer was grateful to have someone to talk to, so he replied:”I stole a thousand pounds from John Tuff, my neighbor”.

The warden seemed very surprised: “Yer mean der new celebrity who moved into Yarksville?  Yer do have some guts man!” All Farmer Del did was sigh.

Then the farmer shared his life story with the warden. The warden was very interested the story and looked like a child listening to a fairytale. The warden seemed very emotional and dabbed at his eyes with his handkerchief

“I see yer story sir. I very hope yer can live a happier life. Ya see, even I have a wife and a child. All I like to do is teh see them happy everyday. I bet you can have the same life when yer come out of yer 18 month prison sentence matie.” The warden said.

The 18 month sentence seemed like forever. During the time, the farmer reflected on his life. Surprisingly, some of his inmates had also stolen or broken the law because of poverty or longing for something. But the farmer still blamed himself of what had happened because it was still because of his greed that he stole the money. Since he was caught in jail, not only could he not keep the money, but he still had to serve a sentence. His life was in ruins, but he finally understood what he should do. With a confident mind he continued an optimistic life in prison and knowing his fellow cellmates.


2 years later…


Farmer Del, or now known as Mr.Del, strolled on the streets in an old Ford’s special, with a blue gradient paint job and shiny headlights. He returned to his house a bid after and he gazed towards the radiant chandelier hanging above his head that welcomed him with a blaze of yellow light. He was greeted with a rapid burst of “Daddy” from his daughters. He turned around and sat at his seat to watch the news on the latest innovation, the black and white television. Without serving his sentence, he might’ve not understood the meaning of his life and what he should do. Now, his dreams have achieved and finally, his life was peaceful.

French Year Reflection

  • Throughout the year, I think I contributed quite consistently in group projects and conversations. I stayed on task most of the time, but occasionally I may be be distracted by small things irrelevant to French. I don’t raise my hand as much as much during class conversations although I like to shout out words and answers that I know when my teacher asks me things.

I find French class very interesting and I am quite enthusiastic about it. This is because I try my best to understand and learn more French. Another reason is because I like Madame Nobert’s learning strategy. as she uses many different events to be joyful while learning French. So far I don’t exactly dislike anything about French class.

Now my two goals to improve on is to participate more in class and raising my hand to answer questions that I know. I will also probably try my best to listen in class to prevent confusion in work. Most important of all, I should review what we’ve learnt so far in order to be ready for surprise quizs and assessments.I am planning to study the French content for 15-20 min each day so slowly, I will become more familiar with the work.

Chinese Transportation Essay: 每天搭乘的交通工具




我最常 乘坐的交通工具是巴士和出租車。出租車可以載四個人左右,而且它還非常舒服。巴士比出租車大很多,而且最多可以載一百五十個乘客!雖然巴士沒有出租車舒服,但是我自己覺得它非常環保。一部巴士消耗的汽油何小車的汽油差不多,但是它卻可以載那麼多人。我自己也認為八十的費用更便宜和方便。

香港的交通工具都幫到了人民很多。要是沒有了它們 ,我們進進出出就會很不方便。

Drama Group Performance Reflection


Recently in Drama, we performed a specified fairy tale chosen by our teacher, Ms.Kaoustus. During  the act, we utilised all the key drama techniques. Our main techniques used were thought-tracking, conscience alley and narration. Thought-tracking was very effective in our play, which was about Hansel and Gretel, which is more of a scary, horror genre. It shows the thoughts of the characters and gives foreshadowing in the plot of the act. Conscience alleys apply the same suspense during the plot and enhances the story which develops a mystical feeling for the audience. Narration is very basic, but it is crucial in my story because you always have to introduce ideas to the audience in order to allow them to thoroughly the settings and events going on.

This formative was fine, although one of my group mates missed 2 out of 3 rehearsals, so we had to assign him a minor role. Even though this happened, I still found the play smooth with the exception of some minor mistakes such as vague forgotten narrations. I would still encourage group projects. During the play, I found our word twist “son of a witch” quite humorous.

So far in drama, we’ve learnt many types of new techniques including the ones I’ve listed yesterday. We’ve also learnt choral speaking, decent posturing and a bit of articulation. Drama classes have so far allowed me to develop new understandings of performing and at the same time I have improved my prior knowledge of drama.

Design Day #2: MTR Condemning Us? Not Today!

This task was very interesting as I’ve never done anything like this before. I personally think that my movie have both pros and cons and  I can definitely improve on it. It was effective when we deliberately captured large areas of the LLAC (our main focus for the documentary) to show its vast size, which is explained during the recordings. We also used large voices to project loudly and we kept our hands still so the videos we record can be of the best quality.

I think my personal strength in this project was organising the group into their roles. I also organised most of of the speech and the notes. I could definitely improve on working better with a team member who doesn’t stay on task so we can achieve more.

TAP Goals

Hello everyone,

I have recently came up with a few goals that I can continue achieving throughout the year.

Goal #1: I need to have good use with my resources (folders, binders, etc.) so I can be more organised. This way, I can prevent loosing homework and projects and I can allow them to remain neat. I can do this by using my resources well.

Goal #2: To improve on my reflections using detailed vocabulary and neatness. I can do this by using key vocabulary advised by my teachers/peers and I can also constantly compare it to the criteria.

Goal #3: To remember to check my math so I can have better grades for my criterion D marks and at the same time, I can be more organised in following directions.