Art and Truth

  1. Summarize what the main point(s) of the two essays into one short paragraph each. 

One of the key things about the first essay is that they talk about how art is as equally true as science and that art has truth to it. The purpose of literature is to speak and convey the truth, these truths are an essential and
definitive element of the merit of a creative work. Humanity has always depended upon the power of storytelling and the written word to make sure that painful yet important truths and experiences are not forgotten. Though literature may be seen as the most powerful art form for conveying truth, we should not dismiss other forms of art either. Other mediums of art can describe the world in a more authentic way than words can.

The other essay talks about how truth is not necessary in art and the value of arts is beyond the truth that lies within it, even though facts and messages can be conveyed from art

 

What is Art?

  • There is no real purpose for the arts. 
  • There is no purpose for the arts because there is too much subjectivity in the arts, too much opinion. Supporting this claim, art as a field doesn’t have a unified purpose, as the purpose of each art piece is determined by the author, and again interpreted by audience, keeping in mind the intended purpose may not be the same one as the one perceived by the audience. This is in contrast to the sciences, where most people would agree that sciences in general seek to find facts on how things work. However I would argue that even a subjective purpose is real, as though it can different for each art piece, and different for each artist, the purpose is still there. As such it is not that there is no real purpose in the arts, but rather that the arts can serve a myriad of purposes.

Competing hypothses in science

Science is objective and descriptive, while the arts are creative and interpretive. Evaluate this claim.

 Although, There are many cases where science is objective through theories and labs, where conclusions made don’t have much room for interpretation. But Science isn’t always objective. There are many cases where being creative and interpretive helped solved many issues and questions in science.    There are many cases , for example Kekulé had a dream that he interpreted that led to the structure of benzene rings to be discovered. Also for a hypothesis there is a lot of interpretation and creativity that is used to imagine the possible outcome of the experiment. In contrast art is almost always subjective and up for interpretation, this is because most of art require emotion and opinion. There aren’t any pure fact concepts and art is always going to be influence by how someone feels about the art piece.

Problems with observation and confirmation bias

Science is objective and descriptive, while the arts are creative and interpretive. Evaluate this claim.

I disagree with this statement because there are certain aspects in both of these areas that are interpretive and objective. For example in science, scientists can have their own biases and views on controversial scientific concept. An example being the big bang even though there was some evidence for it, people did not accept the theories as it went against what the society believed at the time. Even professional scientists went against the theory because it goes against the beliefs of scientists, which made many scientists look for answers to disprove the theory.

Science vs Pseudoscience

The main difference between science and pseudo science is the prefix “pseudo”. Pseudo meaning fake, which shows that what whatever . Pseudo science normally is not backed up with much evidence and is based on a lot of assumptions to fulfil . Science is normally based off conclusions created from a method and a testable hypothesis.

Intro to NS

What distinguishes Natural Science from other AOKs?

Natural science is very different from the other AOK. Comparing it to mathematics. Although natural sciences can be very different to experimental science like physics and chemistry which require a method. Natural sciences are more concerned with the natural world, which means they don’t necessarily require a specific method to follow. Another difference that natural sciences have over other ways of knowing is that their variables are a lot easier to control over other sciences.

Memory and Imagination

  1. Create a simple ‘cheat-sheet’ for both imagination and memory which captures:

Role of the WOK in the pursuit of knowledge

Problems/Issues with the WOK

  • Link between the WOK and other WOKs

This can easily be a screenshot, diagram, dialogue, point-form.

Imagination

-helps combine multiple concepts to form a new/deeper understanding of a subject topic

-based off of previous experiences

-limited to our experiences

Memory

-concerned with recollection of concepts and knowledge

-apply already existing knowledge to situations

-easily altered by other ways of knowing

  1. Despite the imperfections of imagination and memory as ways of knowing, the Areas of Knowledge have developed in such as way as to overcome them. Discuss this claim with reference to at least two AOKs.

Even though imagination and memory have their flaws, the areas of knowledge such as the arts and natural science have been designed to overcome these imperfections. Even though memory and imagination have their flaws the arts uses both the advantage and disadvantage of those ways of knowing to create a product. By using memory and imagination artists come up with creative ideas.

Mathematics has been developed to overcome imagination and memory and even use them to come up with new theories. As mathematics is not likely to change based off of bias and emotion.

Faith and Intuition

I believe faith is something that you must have a strong belief in to the point that you are willing to make sacrifices for that belief. Intuition is a more natural feeling and response, to a situation or decision. Faith is more long term compared to intuition, faith is something that should develop over time or be developed from many factors over a period of time. Intuition is more short term as it could be a quick/instant decision made in the moment based on a gut feeling. Faith and intuition should be ways of knowing, for example in class we discussed about how the world would be completely different if we never had faith and intuition and only made decision based on calculated and reasoned logic.