Nicholas Man

January 5, 2017

Healthy Habits

Filed under: Health & Wellness — 053601 @ 8:53 am


Walk 7000 steps per day


Cut back on processed food and increase real food


No processed foods/sugar 3 hours before bed

February 8, 2018

Human Sciences 1

Filed under: Uncategorized — 053601 @ 6:27 pm

“A branch of study which deals with people or their actions, including the social sciences and the humanities, as contrasted with the natural sciences or physical sciences.”

Human sciences are the study of people, including how they interact, how they think, and what they do. They are often qualitative and observational, obtaining knowledge through case studies and examination of preexisting societies, but can also be experimental, observing how people act when put in certain situations. Curiosity about human behaviour is natural in humans, and so it can be argued that the human sciences have been around as long as humanity has, but most have only been recently formally isolated, and considered their own study.They are separate from other sciences, such as natural or physical sciences, which attempt to describe the world we live in – the rain cycle, tectonic plates, etc. – or the universe in general, through mechanics, gravitation, relativity, etc.

December 12, 2017

Math #2

Filed under: Uncategorized — 053601 @ 8:51 pm

We feel that mathematical truths are objective because they map onto the real world very accurately, and are highly applicable to the natural world. Even though math is not inherently objective and interconnected with the world, it correlates very closely with it; although math is innately a completely separate and inapplicable field, we can make assumptions, relations and correlations with the real world to effectively map math onto it, and make predictions and connections. Because of its application in the real world, and the high correlation between it and real events, it is easy to assume that they are inherently intertwined and connected, even though math is completely humanly constructed.

November 20, 2017

Production and Acquisition of Knowledge in Art

Filed under: TOK — 053601 @ 12:04 pm

The photo below shows what I believe to be the process of acquisition of knowledge in the arts. When shown a piece of art, the first thing that happens is we perceive it. After sense perception, it invokes imagination (in The Persistence of Memory, wondering what the different abstract shapes represent) and emotion, or both. Using reason, we process imagination and emotion in order to conclude what is happening in the work of art, what it means, and what it means to us. This gives us knowledge from the piece of art.


September 20, 2017


Filed under: TOK — 053601 @ 2:57 pm

Memory is what the mind remembers from the past; information that the mind retains.

Memory is what the mind remembers from the past. This happens unintentionally, and begins with an event or a stimulus. We (as humans, or as animals) perceive this event with our senses, and use the information our senses give us to understand what happened. This understanding is stored in our minds and is often lost over time, but can be obtained again or planted.

Memory is what the mind remembers unintentionally from the past and begins with an event or a stimulus. We perceive this event with our senses, and use this information to understand what happened. This understanding is stored in our minds and is often lost over time, but can be obtained again or planted. They are most memorable when visual.

Memory is what the mind remembers unintentionally from the past and begins with an event or a stimulus. We perceive this event with our senses, and use this information to understand what happened. This understanding is stored in our minds and is often lost over time, but can be obtained again or planted. They are most memorable when visual. Memories are formed by making connections between proteins, and these connections remain forever.

September 6, 2017


Filed under: TOK — 053601 @ 9:04 pm

In your own words, explain the difference between deductive and inductive logic.

Inductive logic reaches a general conclusion based on a series of observations (recognising patterns), whereas deductive logic uses a set of known premises to reach its conclusion (using facts to create more facts). Inductive logic is inherently uncertain, since its conclusion relies on perfect continuity and reliability, neither of which exist in the real world. Deductive logic, on the other hand, can be perfectly certain and reliable. For example, if we know for a fact that all corgis are dogs, and all dogs are animals, then we know that all corgis are animals. Deductive conclusions can still, however, be incorrect, if the premises are uncertain or the reasoning is done incorrectly.
What are the problems with each of these kinds of logic and what we can do to overcome some of these problems?

A popular example of inductive logic notes that since all the swans we’ve seen are white, we may conclude that all swans are white. This is not, however, necessarily true, and it can never be proven without some level of doubt. All inductive claims can be disproven (e.g. finding a black swan), but they cannot be completely proven.

The fault in deductive logic arises when the premises are uncertain (as they usually are in the real world). An example may be claiming that since all men are mortal, and John is a man, then John is mortal. Although the reasoning is perfectly sound, we do not know that all men are mortal (since this is an inductive claim: all men we’ve seen are mortal, not necessarily all men), and so we cannot know with certainty that John is mortal. Not all premises, however, are uncertain. The broadest set of premises that comes to mind are those found in math: since we, as humans, invented math, there is no way it can be false.

August 28, 2017

Sense Perception

Filed under: TOK,Uncategorized — 053601 @ 12:47 pm

I agree more strongly with perceptual relativism (the idea that there is no way to understand the world objectively) as opposed to perceptual realism (the idea that our senses generally give us correct knowledge of the world). This is because our view of the world is inherently subjective; everything we experience is unique to us and cannot be completely shared with anyone else. Perceptual relativism makes more sense as there is, by definition, no way to differentiate between illusions and reality. Everything has the possibility of being an illusion, and it is impossible to know, with certainty, that anything is not.

When we dream, we cannot know for certain that we are dreaming; although it is certainly different from the life we know and understand, we can only have any reason to believe it a dream when we wake up. Likewise, there is no way to know for certain whether or not the world as we know it is not an illusion.

August 16, 2017

Knowledge Claims/Questions

Filed under: TOK — 053601 @ 3:51 pm

1st order knowledge claims:

  • Literature is the most essential part of any culture
  • Adam Smith is the founding father of modern economics

1st order knowledge questions:

  • Is literature the only important aspect of culture?
  • Is it possible to decide who founded economics?

2nd order knowledge claims:

  • Communication requires language
  • Opinions are as valid as facts
  • All things exist (i.e. existence does not require human invention)

2nd order knowledge questions:

  • In what ways can communication occur without language?
  • To what extent are opinions as valid as facts?
  • Is it possible for something to be real without physically existing?

August 10, 2017

Personal Knowledge and Shared Knowledge

Filed under: TOK,Uncategorized — Tags: — 053601 @ 5:51 pm

1. Explain the map metaphor.

A map is a simplified depiction of an area where the simplifications are based on the intended use of the map. No map will show everything you could know about an area, as it would be overwhelming and unclear. Instead, several maps of the same area can be made and used for different purposes: even though they depict the same place, an MTR map and a topographic map are distinct and provide different information. Neither map is inherently superior than the other. TOK functions similarly; anything can be studied in various ways, through the lens of various disciplines. An artist may look at the world quite differently from a scientist, and it is important to acknowledge that neither of their opinions are superior to the other, but that their perspectives can be applied in different ways and that we can learn more about the same thing thanks to this variety.

2. What is the difference between personal knowledge and shared knowledge?

Shared knowledge tends to be more lasting and more universally accepted, such as historical facts. Personal knowledge can be somewhat more subjective, and (naturally) differs from person to person, such as knowing how to cook. Shared knowledge is what a certain society knows and agrees upon, whereas personal knowledge is influenced by emotions, memories, religion, etc., and differs among individuals.

3. If you cannot explain something to someone else, you do not know it. Agree or disagree? Why/why not?

I agree that if you can explain something to someone else, then you do understand it, but I do not believe that being unable to explain something automatically implies the opposite. Explaining something is a great way to see how well you understand it, as it will be impossibly to fully explain without knowing about it yourself. I imagine, however, that there are cases where you can fully understand something, but be unable to explain it (you could be inarticulate, they could lack knowledge on the subject to fully understand, etc.).

May 26, 2017

Health and Wellness Reflection

Filed under: Uncategorized — 053601 @ 2:43 pm

Final Questionnaire Result: 67/100

    • Were you able to continue with your selected habits for the entire semester. Explain.

For the most part. After a week or two, my sleep goal (not eating processed food or sugar for three hours before bed) became a habit, as did my food goal (cutting back on processed food and increasing real food). While it was difficult at first, it became natural over time and I found myself less hungry after dinner as I resisted eating then. My fitness goal, however, was less easily maintained; since I take the bus to and from school, I needed to put more effort into it than the other goals.

    • Was this experience useful in promoting health and wellness into your life. Explain.

Yes; it was not as difficult as I expected, and it encouraged me to make small changes in my life which I feel amounted to a sizeable improvement. I think that that it the most significant and powerful part of this experience; that habits are reasonably easy to maintain, and only difficult to start.

    • Will you try to continue to implement some of the habits into your daily lives? Explain.

Not as actively as I have been throughout this assignment, but I feel that I will likely continue to avoid eating significant amounts of processed or sugary foods in general (more out of habit than practice by now).

    • If you were to do this again, what would you change? Explain.

I think I would pick a fitness goal that requires more intense, but less consistent effort (e.g. several bouts of intense exercise per week). I found it difficult to consistently put even a relatively small amount of effort in each day, so I feel that I may have been able to incorporate less frequent, but longer sessions better into my schedule.


Filed under: Uncategorized — 053601 @ 2:41 pm










walking down hill instead of the bus #fitness

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