Reasoning

Today in TOK, we learned about the way of knowing of inductive and deductive reasoning. Although we may think that reasoning is the most powerful and most accurate, true or error free way of knowing. However, as always in TOK, our whole perception was shattered under 90 minutes. Although it seemed a little hard to grasp my head around, it did make sense eventually. What we learned basically was inductive and deductive reasoning. Basically using logic and what makes sense to us and validity in order to prove one’s point. For example if we assume that the statement below is true that all leaves are trees and all trees are barks. Then we would assume from inductive reasoning that all leaves are barks. This what I would assume the area of knowledge, natural sciences would typically use in order to justify their hypothesis. However this method can be prone to errors. For example in real life, before people assumed that tomatoes were poisonous because people fell ill and died when eating tomatoes. In fact, a chef of George Washington tried to assassinate him by putting tomatoes in his soup because that was general knowledge to everyone at that time. But soon after when the chef discovered that tomatoes were not poisonous. People started to wonder what poisoned them with the coincidence of them eating tomatoes. It turned out that people put tomatoes on plates made from high amounts of lead. This leads to the misconception of how tomatoes were poisonous. This can be applied to how reasoning can be error prone. Scientists knew that when people eating tomatoes, they would die, so assuming that that statement was correct, they thought all tomatoes were poisonous. However it was a coincidence that people kept eating tomatoes on plates made from lead, which was the real culprit.

Which was how I grasped the concept of how the area of knowledge of reasoning may not be so perfect that everyone thought after all.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


*