What needs to be discussed as a group is how everyone thinks about the work done or the progress of the work being done.   Although, at times this may become the case for controversy among group members, this ultimately creates or allows groups members to process new knowledge.   Furthermore, I agree with this statement as with a  topic like art specifically with the process of publishing a book or literature in the english language.  This process requires multiple editors to create an imaginary story, or new knowledge that the author wants to express in his/her book, article etc.  This allows the group of people undergoing this process to not only develop new knowledge themselves but also contribute their own respective knowledge in terms of what grammatical errors need to be corrected or sentence structure which needs to be corrected.  This gives the author initial knowledge he/she can use in the future when publishing a book.    The actual publication of the book always a world wide audience to endeavour into whatever the authors intended message or new knowledge that they wanted their audience to intake, thus spreading new knowledge through group verification.

In contrast, I believe that with a process like publishing visual arts the process of creating a new type of visual image, which can perceived in the manner of knowledge as well is mainly an individual task which is cannot be edited by a group due to the author individual opinion being vital towards the significance of the piece published.     Furthermore, knowledge can still be displayed through visual imagery created by an individual to a larger group of people.   

I would agree with a statement like this, as arts are represented in an abstract manner depending on who the author is and his/her intentions, which may not be clear to any or many people.  Furthermore, the aesthetic appeal which  An example, of where art isn’t clear could be the well known Mona Lisa, the validity this has to our world is questionable, although it’s one of the most significant pieces of art ever.  Still, to this day it hasn’t had a significant impact on us as humans survival or beneficial towards evolving technology or humans living style.  In contrast, science has the ability to do this and revolutionize vital human needs such as medical treatments, technological advancements etc.  These are vital towards sustaining earth resources which will ultimately define the human races longevity as a species as multiple animal species have gone extinct or are severely endangered.   Therefore, the use of sciences provides us with “testable knowledge” that is empirical meaning it can be tested for its validity when a new observation is made teaching us as humans a lot more about the world and its functions allowing us to state new “facts”.


Although, I would also disagree to this statement as art does provide us with vital information to the world around us which science cannot achieve.   Art allows us as humans to view the world differently around us if given the purpose or reasoning for why an artist created a piece of art, allowing us to deepen and enrich our aesthetic experience of the world.  Also allowing us to view different patterns within nature, how different emotions can be represented on a visual level as well as possible conflict within our world and an artists opinion on how peace can be achieved possibly having a valid message which can be used to create some kind of solution.  To conclude, if art is understood even if misunderstood, if the aesthetic appeal is evident as well as a message taken away by the audience, this can have a major implication towards how us humans view the world from a different perspective.   In contrast, sciences don’t have the ability to achieve this, due to how straightforward its concept is which is essentially testing to find new facts, which don’t have any sort of abstract aspect to it. Therefore, the sciences don’t only tell us valuable things about the world as there is only ever one straightforward message which is always interpreted the same, art has a completely different valuable aspect towards its aesthetic appeal to us humans and how we interpret its message in multiple different ways.

This statement is non-scientific because science is a topic largely revolved around the creation of theory’s and new findings through research and on the topic of proving “Napoleon was a great leader” there is no logical measurement to define what a “great leader is”.  Thus, no research can be gathered in order to make a scientific investigation or the process of gathering data can be undergone that will justify Napoleon as a great leader.

Biology 1st Order Claim:   All beings are made of cells

Biology 2nd Order Claim:  Scientific claims must be backed up with evidence of research.

1st Order Questions:

  1. What are the some differences between a human cell and a plant cell?
  2. State the individual functions of the parts within a human cell.
  3. Why do humans need cells in order to function?

2nd Order Questions:

  1. To what extent does scientific research have to be provided in order to make a claim thats true?
  2. How can scientific research be proven as a fact, even with the hinderance of language.
  3. How do humans know that what they have found is true or can be stated as a finding?

TOK questions are useful and relevant when it comes to questioning real life claims, as it gives either the author, or finder of the fact, discovery etc.   This always us to evaluate the validity behind findings, discoveries etc, taught in class and will allow us to delve deeper into how we know its true and what makes this true.   Adding another aspect of analytical skills that we as students can apply towards work now.



All languages come with some kind of problem, either being the level of difficulty in articulating ones thought in speech or on paper, as writing a language in my perspective is equally as important as being able to speak.   The first limitation I have identified is the translation between different languages.  Specifically taking the language english for example, we have multiple different vocabulary all having a different meaning, and terms such as figure of speeches, metaphors/smilies, jargon/slang makes it very  difficult for other language speakers to identify meaning within our language making it a problem.  For example, I was once talking to a Singaporean friend when i was younger and said “I’ve told you 100 times” while he then responded “you didn’t tell me 100 times” taking my figure of speech literally showing a boundary within different cultures perception of wording, hence being a limitation in the production of knowledge.    Another example being the use of lingo/slang words within ones language, in english a lingo that is largely used around my friends is either lol, legit etc.   These words in abbreviated form make the perception of language that more complicated and diverse for others to learn, largely limiting the production of language.

Area of Knowledge: Art  <———–> Way of Knowledge:  Imagination

The area of knowledge, art is the expression of an emotion, experience, message etc, through an abstract representation of the artists choice.   The AOK art relies directly on the WOK, imagination, this being ones way of processing events in life or creating hypothetical scenarios all based on past experiences.  Thus, relating directly towards art,  as without experiences your imagination wouldn’t be able to thrive or create any sort of artistic product without imagining events or anything that one thinks about.  Although, a limitation that comes with the WOK, imagination is that one’s imagination is limited to their experiences, therefore if an artist wanted to express a message through an abstract manner, but his/her audience have not experienced or understood his message, the message would be lost and misunderstood.


  1. b)  Knowing that WOKs are a double-edged sword  (they are sources of knowledge and are fallible) how do any subject areas in your AOK guard against the weaknesses of the WOK you chose?

Where the AOK art, guards the limitation of “imagination is limited to ones experience” is how art can be represented in multiple manners, allowing to not only more clearly represent unfamiliar situations to others, but take them on an experience with them educating the artists’ audience at the same time.   For example, youtube videos are now made sharing artists new experiences allowing not only to educate the creators themselves but it’s audience at the same time,  allowing a clear representation of the intention or message made by the creator allowing it’s audience to expand its imagination even if the situation is unfamiliar previously.  Another example being the social media platform, Instagram, through a photo and a caption, a piece of art made by someone with clarification on the intentions of the photo and why it was posted, not only clarifies an unfamiliar situation to his/her audience but also gives them insight on what the experience was in the photo or  the reason behind the post.


I personally think that TOK allows us to look at knowledge we have learn through the process of the PYP and MYP, and go far more in depth into what makes these the structure of these topics,  where the contents of what we have learnt originally come from or how we can identify the validity in what we have learnt throughout the year .    This not only allows us to critically think, but also look at how the necessities in life possibly have a far deeper meaning, or purpose that we may not have previously known, allowing myself to perceive the world around me in a far more abstract manner.

Always great to get some additional sleep before class, sleep is essential towards functioning well during my rigorous classes! #sleep via Instagram http://ift.tt/2DFArMk

Always great to get some additional sleep before class, sleep is essential towards functioning well during my rigorous classes! #sleep via Instagram http://ift.tt/2DFArMk