Complete the reading: Problems with observation and confirmation bias
Science is objective and descriptive, while the arts are creative and interpretive. Evaluate this claim.
Confirmation bias is the tendency for people to confirm their previous hypothesis based on past knowledge or experiences. Observation bias is the tendency for people to process visual information in a way that deceives the human brain. Based on these two definitions, science may not be fully objective and arts may not be fully interpretive. What I mean by this is, scientists and artists are only just human. Which means they are also susceptible to the effects of confirmation and observation bias.
As the scientific method requires scientists to come up with a hypothesis before starting the experiment, it is possible that some experiments may have only proven correlation and not causation. However, confirmation bias may affect scientists by making them confuse the two. Observation bias can also be seen in artists. For example, we may see faces from random patterns on a wall as humans are programs to recognize other human faces. There are many other examples as we humans try to find patterns or make sense of a visual image to find its significance.