Intuition

  1. What is intuition?
    Intuition is the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning. It can be described as a “gut feeling” as well.
  2. What is system 1 and system 2 thinking?
    System 1 thinking is essentially effortless, quick, instinctive thinking, whereas system 2 thinking is effortful, slow, logical, processing of information.
  1. How could you incorporate system 2 thinking into TOK?
    For certain activities that we have done in the past such as optical illusions or awareness, we can incorporate this system into making our brains fully process the situation around it. For example, instead of just looking at an optical illusion and saying the obvious answer (which is often wrong in optical illusions), we can take a step back and look at the other possibility, that there is a more correct answer, although it may not seem like it at first. This is the same as the awareness tests, where instead of focusing on what they want you to focus on, for example the ball passing, we can use system 2 thinking and recognize that the main focus is not what they want you to focus on. Thus, we are able to see more of the bigger picture, for example the moonwalking gorilla.

6. Language

What are the characteristics that you feel best describe language? Why?
I believe that all language is perceived very differently and varies from person to person. However, language can only be language if there are common boundaries and structures that are generally known by everyone speaking that language. One of these requirements is that it has to be expressible. It does not matter what language it is (body language, sign language, spoken languages, etc.), but it has to be shown in one way or another in order for another person speaking the same language to understand what you are saying. The second characteristic is that all language has to follow some sort of structure. For example, in the english language, we have different rules such as subject-verb agreement, past/present tense, etc. However, rules¬†have to be present in other languages as well, or else¬†always saying something different will not result in a person understanding the speech. The final important characteristic of speech is that it has to have meaning. We can only understand and perceive language if words have meanings behind them, and without meaning we wouldn’t have proper language.

 

What might be some of the weaknesses of language?
One weakness is that it always requires 2 or more people to understand and speak a language. For example, babies are able to “baby-talk”, but if no one speaks their language, no one is able to understand the meaning behind the words, although there is intention and meaning inside the baby’s head.

3. Sense Perception

After this class, I believe that I am more of a perceptual realist rather than a perceptual relativist. Mainly, I believe that for the most part, what we see in our everyday lives is what is really out there, and not many things in life can easily trick our eyes (exceptions being optical illusions, etc.). I believe that we have evolved enough to a point where our eyes should be feeding us correct information 90% of the time. If that wasn’t the case, our species would’ve been wiped out long ago. Also, I believe that I know when my eyes are being tricked and that there are logical explanations behind it. I do not agree for the post part with the fact that what you see is completely different from what I see, for example I see the colour blue while you see the colour red. I also believe that illusions and delusions are indeed glitches, as we don’t normally have these experiences on a daily basis. If we did, we would be able to know and recognize that what we see is not real, just like ancestors did to come up with the terms “illusions” and “delusions”.