The Invention Of Fertilizer By: Chester Chan Oct/31/2012
This article will go into the problem about the decrease of crops overtime because of infertile soil. A German chemist discovered that Nitrogen was an important nutrient for plants, which led to the invention of nitrogen based fertilizers. This helped improve the yields on agricultural growth and led to higher productions at lower costs. This helped benefit to a very important factor: “Economic”. The result after the invention was, many people used it, and helped increase the wealth in countries and societies.
A long time ago many agricultural productions in farmlands decreased overtime because of infertile soil. (Rosen). (Soil). This caused famine, and massive deaths. It also affected economic and environmental growth, the lack of food supply led to increased food prices. (Lee). Part of this was caused by the volcanic winter, in the “Year Without A Summer” which caused many crops to freeze to death. (Year).
Justus Von Liebig, A German chemist from 1803-1873 discovered that nitrogen is a crucial nutrient for plants. (Britannica Justus). Plants feed on Potassium, Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, and other minerals in soil. (Soil). (Yara). These are the most essential nutrients crops need. (Rosen) (Yara). Potassium helps with the spreading of water, and the carbohydrates in the plant roots. CO2 helps with the respiration of plants. (Plants). And nitrogen helps with producing protein. Following his discovery, Liebig invented a nitrogen-based fertilizer. (Britannica Fertilizer).(Robinson).The fertilizer was absorbed by the roots in the form of Ammonia, which is a compound of Nitrogen and Hydrogen known as NH3. Ammonia has the smell of urine and animal dung. (Britannica Ammonia). (Yara).
This helped to increase the yields of agricultural products. It gave benefits to many factors in social, economic, political and environmental. It increased wealth, health, natural resources, also it helped the governments provide enough food for their citizens. Because of the growth of the agricultural products, the governments can reduce the price for such goods to offer more food to its citizens, and to be able to export their goods to other nations, to earn foreign exchange. Because of the invention of fertilizer, many people in the modern world use it, not just for farmlands, but for home use, and the modern agricultural industry too. Modern-day farming is constantly relying on fertilizers. This invention was later developed by other scientists. (Yara)
The solution of this problem was effective, because after Liebig’s discovery in fertilizer, the Year Without a Summer (1815 famine) was known as the last great substance crisis in the western world. The Year Without a Summer affected many crops, since the temperature dropped rapidly. Many crops died. (Year). Liebig’s invention impacted the world in various ways. It helped increase the health, wealth, and natural resources of many societies, and helped build up to stronger and more powerful nations. The amount of crops helped produce more oxygen for human beings, and more food sources not just for humans, but for other living things. This also helped many governments keep up to their responsibility to provide food to their people. In conclusion Liebig’s invention of fertilizer has impacted the world, it has shaped the modern agricultural industry and agricultural products. It not just benefited economically, but also socially and politically. (Yara).
“Ammonia.” Britannica Online School Edition. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.school.ebonline.com/eb/article-9007200?query=ammonia&ct=>.
“Fertilizer.” Britannica Online School Edition. N. pag. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.school.ebonline.com/all/comptons/article-9274296?query=fertilizer&ct=null>.
“Justus Von Liebig.” Britannica Online School Edition. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.school.ebonline.com/comptons/article-9275468?query=justus%20von%20liebig&ct=>.
Lee, Foster. “1816 – The Year Without Summer.” Eastern Region Headquarters. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.erh.noaa.gov/car/Newsletter/htm_format_articles/climate_corner/yearwithoutsummer_lf.htm>.
Plants NEED co2 or theyDie.Or wont Grow, Then we cant grow food..mp4. Youtube. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ctB2d7m_dIo>.
Robinson, Richard. “Fertilizer.” Gale Science in Context. N. pag. Gale Science in Context. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/scic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=SCIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&source=&sortBy=&displayGroups=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCV2643350101&userGroupName=cis&jsid=b59a8250d3f33b659c80ae54f7a21444>.
Rosen, Carl J., and Peter M. Bierman. “Maintaining Soil Fertility in an Organic Fruit and Vegetable Crops System.” University of Minnesota Extension. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/horticulture/M1191.html>.
“Soil.” Britannica Online School Edition. N. pag. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.school.ebonline.com/comptons/article-9277127?query=soil&ct=>.
“Yara Fertilizer Industry Handbook February 2012.” Yara. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.yara.com/doc/37694_2012%20Fertilizer%20Industry%20Handbook%20wFP.pdf>.
“Year Without Summer: Effects Of Tambora Volcanic Eruption On Iberian Peninsula Studied For First Time.” Science Daily 26 Feb. 2009: n. pag. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090225161422.htm>.
In Text Citations