The Invention Of Fertilizer

The Invention Of Fertilizer By: Chester Chan Oct/31/2012

 

Abstract:

 

This article will go into the problem about the decrease of crops overtime because of infertile soil. A German chemist discovered that Nitrogen was an important nutrient for plants, which led to the invention of nitrogen based fertilizers. This helped improve the yields on agricultural growth and led to higher productions at lower costs. This helped benefit to a very important factor: “Economic”.  The result after the invention was, many people used it, and helped increase the wealth in countries and societies.

 

 

Intro/Problem: 

 

A long time ago many agricultural productions in farmlands decreased overtime because of infertile soil. (Rosen). (Soil). This caused famine, and massive deaths. It also affected economic and environmental growth, the lack of food supply led to increased food prices. (Lee). Part of this was caused by the volcanic winter,  in the “Year Without A Summer” which caused many crops to freeze to death. (Year).

 

Solution/Results: 

 

Justus Von Liebig, A German chemist from 1803-1873 discovered that nitrogen is a crucial nutrient for plants. (Britannica Justus). Plants feed on Potassium, Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, and other minerals in soil. (Soil). (Yara). These are the most essential nutrients crops need. (Rosen) (Yara). Potassium helps with the spreading of water, and the carbohydrates in the plant roots. CO2 helps with the respiration of plants. (Plants).  And nitrogen helps with producing protein. Following his discovery, Liebig invented a nitrogen-based fertilizer. (Britannica Fertilizer).(Robinson).The fertilizer was absorbed by the roots in the form of Ammonia, which is a compound of Nitrogen and Hydrogen known as NH3. Ammonia has the smell of urine and animal dung. (Britannica Ammonia). (Yara).

 

This helped to increase the yields of agricultural products. It gave benefits to many factors in social, economic, political and environmental. It increased wealth, health, natural resources, also it helped the governments provide enough food for their citizens. Because of the growth of the agricultural products, the governments can reduce the price for such goods to offer more food to its citizens, and to be able to export their goods to other nations, to earn foreign exchange. Because of the invention of fertilizer, many people in the modern world use it, not just for farmlands, but for home use, and the modern agricultural industry too. Modern-day farming is constantly relying on fertilizers. This invention was later developed by other scientists. (Yara)

 

 

Discussion/Conclusion:

 

The solution of this problem was effective, because after Liebig’s discovery in fertilizer, the Year Without a Summer (1815 famine) was known as the last great substance crisis in the western world. The Year Without a Summer affected many crops, since the temperature dropped rapidly. Many crops died. (Year). Liebig’s invention impacted the world in various ways. It helped increase the health, wealth, and natural resources of many societies, and helped build up to stronger and more powerful nations. The amount of crops helped produce more oxygen for human beings, and more food sources not just for humans, but for other living things. This also helped many governments keep up to their responsibility to provide food to their people. In conclusion Liebig’s invention of fertilizer has impacted the world, it has shaped the modern agricultural industry and agricultural products. It not just benefited economically, but also socially and politically. (Yara).

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

“Ammonia.” Britannica Online School Edition. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.school.ebonline.com/eb/article-9007200?query=ammonia&ct=>.

“Fertilizer.” Britannica Online School Edition. N. pag. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.school.ebonline.com/all/comptons/article-9274296?query=fertilizer&ct=null>.

“Justus Von Liebig.” Britannica Online School Edition. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.school.ebonline.com/comptons/article-9275468?query=justus%20von%20liebig&ct=>.

Lee, Foster. “1816 – The Year Without Summer.” Eastern Region Headquarters. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.erh.noaa.gov/car/Newsletter/htm_format_articles/climate_corner/yearwithoutsummer_lf.htm>.

Plants NEED co2 or theyDie.Or wont Grow, Then we cant grow food..mp4. Youtube. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ctB2d7m_dIo>.

Robinson, Richard. “Fertilizer.” Gale Science in Context. N. pag. Gale Science in Context. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/scic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=SCIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&source=&sortBy=&displayGroups=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCV2643350101&userGroupName=cis&jsid=b59a8250d3f33b659c80ae54f7a21444>.

Rosen, Carl J., and Peter M. Bierman. “Maintaining Soil Fertility in an Organic Fruit and Vegetable Crops System.” University of Minnesota Extension. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/horticulture/M1191.html>.

“Soil.” Britannica Online School Edition. N. pag. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.school.ebonline.com/comptons/article-9277127?query=soil&ct=>.

“Yara Fertilizer Industry Handbook February 2012.” Yara. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.yara.com/doc/37694_2012%20Fertilizer%20Industry%20Handbook%20wFP.pdf>.

“Year Without Summer: Effects Of Tambora Volcanic Eruption On Iberian Peninsula Studied For First Time.” Science Daily 26 Feb. 2009: n. pag. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090225161422.htm>.

 

 

In Text Citations

(Britannica Ammonia)

(Yara)

(Britannica Fertilizer)

(Britannica Justus)

(Plants)

(Robinson)

(Rosen)

(Soil)

(Lee)

(Year)

 

 

“Environment” and “Human Ingenuity” in Science

These few classes we have been sorting and analyzing what fits in with environment and what fits in with human ingenuity. We watched The Lorax original movie and we also read an article about a man made beach in Hong Kong.

 

In The Lorax, human ingenuity was a very important part of the movie because that affected the characters and environment a lot. For example when the cars caused smoke, and when the Once-ler chopped down trees to make shirts, and houses. Environment was also important in The Lorax. A long time ago there were many trees, grass, ponds. But the Once-ler came and the sky was more polluted, and animals had to move away. For the man made beach article I think that it had more to do with human ingenuity because the article was about how the government wanted to build a man-made beach which could possibly wipeout over 200 marine and bird species that inhabit the area. I don’t think they should make a man-made beach because I don’t think there is such a need for this facility, as there many other beaches people can choose from. Also in my opinion this is a misuse of the governments money.

 

 

Citations:

 

Ng, Joyce. “Chief Executive Leung Angers Activists by Backing Man-made Beach.” South China Morning Post. South China Morning Post, 26 Oct. 2012. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1069894/chief-executive-backs-plan-man-made-beach-lung-mei-tai-po>.

 

“The Lorax” Original Movie

“Environment” and “Human Ingenuity” in Science

These few classes we have been sorting and analyzing what fits in with environment and what fits in with human ingenuity. We watched The Lorax original movie and we also read an article about a man made beach in Hong Kong.

 

In The Lorax, human ingenuity was a very important part of the movie because that affected the characters and environment a lot. For example when the cars caused smoke, and when the Once-ler chopped down trees to make shirts, and houses. Environment was also important in The Lorax. A long time ago there were many trees, grass, ponds. But the Once-ler came and the sky was more polluted, and animals had to move away. For the man made beach article I think that it had more to do with human ingenuity because the article was about how the government wanted to build a man-made beach which could possibly wipeout over 200 marine and bird species that inhabit the area. I don’t think they should make a man-made beach because I don’t think there is such a need for this facility, as there many other beaches people can choose from. Also in my opinion this is a misuse of the governments money.

 

 

Citations:

 

Ng, Joyce. “Chief Executive Leung Angers Activists by Backing Man-made Beach.” South China Morning Post. South China Morning Post, 26 Oct. 2012. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1069894/chief-executive-backs-plan-man-made-beach-lung-mei-tai-po>.

 

“The Lorax” Original Movie

Earthquake in Southern China: Health And Social Education

On September 7 2012 there was a 5.6 earthquake in Yunnan, China. At least 80 people died, 821 injured and 100,000 people got evacuated. After this natural disaster some people provided tents for people that did not haveshelter, as the earthquake destroyed their homes.

I think after this earthquake much has changed in their lives. One thing is health and social education, we can help by donating money so that the people who have suffered from the earthquake can have enough food and aid kits for health. Also we can give books and any other learning material to them. Because schools there might be closed down, they can still learn in their shelter.

Earthquake in Southern China: Approaches to learning

On September 7 2012 there was a 5.6 earthquake in Yunnan, China. At least 80 people died, 821 injured and 100,000 people got evacuated. After this natural disaster some people provided tents for people that did not haveshelter, as the earthquake destroyed their homes.

 We have to know more about this before we can take action, so why not start by researching, start by reading newspapers, then watching videos, after you might even want to ask your parents about it. Do they know any extra information? After you might want to try to raise awareness so that you can take action, so you can maybe start by presenting a small powerpoint to the class. There are many ways to learn, research, and raise awareness.

Earthquake in Southern China: Human ingenuity

On September 7 2012 there was a 5.6 earthquake in Yunnan, China. At least 80 people died, 821 injured and 100,000 people got evacuated. After this natural disaster some people provided tents for people that did not have shelter, as the earthquake destroyed their homes.

We can help using human ingenuity, we can be as creative as we can! We can maybe do bake sales to do fundraising, we can do a games station too! Or we can make robots to try to save people still stuck from the earthquake, it also reduces the chance of volunteers getting injured. Human ingenuity is about getting as creative as you can!