“Without the group to verify it, knowledge is not possible.”
The role of the ‘group’ in the production of knowledge is to confirm and verify the information. Verification in the production of knowledge is crucial if it is intended to be shared so it can be universally understood, at least to a certain extent.
This links to personal and shared knowledge as shared knowledge would potentially need to be confirmed or verified as true or empirical for universal understanding. Shared knowledge would need to be verified if it was something people had to understand to a certain level to serve a certain purpose, for example learning maths to become an engineer, or learning physics to become an architect. Personal knowledge does not necessarily have to be verified, as personal knowledge can be something such as emotions, and all emotions, while not all right, are all valid.
In the arts, there are many types of knowledge, such as conceptual knowledge, moral knowledge, and aesthetic knowledge. Conceptual knowledge allows humans to understand human-established concepts, such as our emotions and beliefs. Art can provide us with conceptual knowledge by eliciting emotions from humans and hence, making us aware of them. Moral knowledge is also an example of knowledge provided by the arts, as art can appeal to a certain cultural context and allow the viewer to become influenced or educated about an issue. However, moral knowledge generally builds upon our preconceived notions, and thus, moral knowledge is developed instead of created.
Claims in art are generally open to being shared and discuss. Usually, most people form opinions and debate over art, such as whether a created piece is art or not. Everyone is entitled to their own opinion as the confines of art are not restricting. There is a lot of room for subjectivity in the arts, and consequently, not many definitive answers. Subjectivity and ambiguity in arts is what allows claims to be shared and discussed, as there is less of a “black or white” scenario.