Human Sciences are a branch of study that deals with people or their actions, including the social sciences and the humanities (Ex. economics, psychology, geography)

Natural Sciences are a branch of study that deals with the physical world (Ex. chemistry, physics, biology).

In the task that we were given in class, we were given a real life situation and were told to develop questions related to the event from both a human scientists perspective and a natural scientists perspective. Then we would brainstorm ways to answer the questions that we came up with in the previous section. In terms of the reliability/certainty of the knowledge that the experts will acquire, I believe that the knowledge of the natural scientists will be more reliable/certain; whereas the knowledge of the human scientists will be less reliable/certain. This is because natural scientists deal with controllable variables in the natural world, and their research can also be validated by other scientists via the scientific method. On the other hand, human scientists will have to deal with the ever-changing variables that humans will bring to their research, forcing these scientists to make more generalised assumptions.

In natural sciences, the repeatable methodology in the scientific method, controllable variables and the same underlying understanding of the world contribute to the reliability of the knowledge. In human sciences, the generalisations made help to create a better overall understanding of the knowledge, however the lack of a repeatable methodology and uncontrollable variables strips some of the reliability and certainty of the knowledge in human sciences. A way for human sciences to increase the reliability of their claims could be to adopt a research method similar to the natural sciences’ scientific method, in order to reduce bias and unreliability.

In general, we can say that while the human sciences do give us a better understanding of human nature, we should not overly rely on the knowledge in human sciences to inform our decisions. This is because humans are not like inanimate objects in the natural world that all follow a certain pattern, we are ever-changing. As a result, human sciences can be used to inform our decisions, but these decisions must not be based solely on the knowledge of human sciences.