1. What is intuition?
I believe that intuition is a way of thinking in our minds that allows us to understand something instinctively and immediately, based on personal and prior knowledge and beliefs. Intuition is something that one might perceive to be accurate, yet might not be accepted or true within the greater community.
2. What is System 1 and System 2 thinking?
System 1 and System 2 thinking are two different, contrasting modes of thought. System 1 thinking is more of what one would call intuition – automatic, effortless, fast and ineffable, judgements that are made right away without the need for deeper thought or consideration. On the other hand, System 2 thinking is more controlled, effortful, slow and effable, seemingly the opposite of System 1 thinking, allowing us to reflect on our experiences, make deeper connections and establish more justified conclusions.
3. How could you incorporate System 2 thinking into TOK?
I think that System 2 thinking is definitely more relevant to TOK than System 1 thinking, as it involves more processing of information and cannot simply be judged on the surface. With TOK, we definitely have to dig deeper and become aware of the underlying meanings, a process that would most likely take more time.
4. Do you trust your own intuitions? Why or why not? If your answer is “it depends”, then on what does it depend?
As the question suggests, I believe that I can only trust my own intuitions at certain times. When it is expert intuition, something that I am familiar with and have had experience with, it becomes more reliable and trustworthy. Although it might still be as automatic and effortless as intuition typically is, due to the fact that I am considered an ‘expert’ and am knowledgeable in that area, my intuition should be appropriate to some extent. However, when it comes to situations that I am less familiar with, it would be better if the intuitions were disregarded and not trusted.
5. Is intuition a convincing justification for shared knowledge?
Once again, I believe it depends on whether the shared knowledge is based on an area that the whole group of people is an ‘expert’ in. If not, there is a chance that it could be moral intuition instead – in which beliefs are formed for a variety of subjective, personal, emotional, and psychological reasons in the context of environments created by family, friends, colleagues, culture, and society at large. This indicates that their intuition could have a larger emphasis placed on moral values, rather than what is actually ‘right’, further suggesting that the shared knowledge cannot be fully justified.